By Bruce M. Rowe

Provides a linguistic origin for college students of all majors

Assisted by means of various pedagogical aids, A Concise creation to Linguistics, 4/e explains all suggestions in a scientific manner making complicated linguistic subject matters as effortless to profit as attainable. This introductory identify covers the middle issues of linguistics, offering the knowledge and ideas that may permit scholars to appreciate extra designated and complex remedies of linguistics. This student-friendly and well-balanced review of the sphere of introductory linguistics can pay certain awareness to linguistic anthropology and divulges the most contributions of linguistics to the research of human verbal exchange and the way problems with tradition are appropriate. Its workbook structure comprises well-constructed routines in each bankruptcy that let scholars to perform key concepts.


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Additional info for A Concise Introduction to Linguistics

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In general, what do the terms lexicon and grammar mean? 7. Are the terms language and speech synonymous? Explain. 8. What are three main ways in which humans can communicate linguistically? C H A P T E R 1 ▸ Introduction: The Nature of Communication 27 9. Are the terms verbal, as in verbal communication, and vocal, as in vocal communication, synonymous? Explain. 10. ” Why is this not really language? 11. In what way does the bee’s waggle dance display productivity? How is the bee’s productivity different from that of human language?

One species of chimpanzee, sometimes called the common chimpanzee, Pan troglodytes, produces up to thirty-four distinct calls. The fact that chimpanzee calls are not significantly closer to human systems of communication than other mammals is somewhat unexpected in light of the evolutionary closeness of humans and apes. Because of this closeness, some scientists believe that if an ape is put into a human environment, it will acquire language. 13 14 C H A P T E R 1 ▸ Introduction: The Nature of Communication The term hominin refers to modern humans and to the ancestors of modern humans that go back in time more than six million years.

Even in the wild, chimpanzees that meet might bow, kiss, hold hands, embrace, groom each other, or pat each other on the back. They show reactions similar to human responses in joyful and fearful situations. Although their nonlinguistic behavior sometimes appears close to ours, chimpanzees’ vocalizations are not similar to those of humans. Chimpanzees in the wild produce calls, as do most other mammals or birds. And their call systems do not include more calls or show any more features of human language than the call systems of other animals.

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