By Eric H. Cline
Public curiosity in biblical archaeology is at an all-time excessive, as tv documentaries pull in thousands of audience to observe indicates at the Exodus, the Ark of the Covenant, and the so-called misplaced Tomb of Jesus. very important discoveries with relevance to the Bible are made nearly each year--during 2007 and 2008 by myself researchers introduced at the least seven significant discoveries in Israel, 5 of them in or close to Jerusalem. Biblical Archaeology bargains a passport into this interesting realm, the place historical faith and sleek technological know-how meet, and the place tomorrow's discovery could solution a riddle that has lasted 1000 years.
Archaeologist Eric H. Cline the following bargains an entire evaluate of this fascinating box. He discusses the early pioneers, akin to Sir William Matthew Flinders Petrie and William Foxwell Albright, the origins of biblical archaeology as a self-discipline, and the main controversies that first brought on explorers to move looking for items and websites that might "prove" the Bible. He then surveys probably the most famous biblical archaeologists, together with Kathleen Kenyon and Yigael Yadin, the websites which are crucial resources of information for biblical archaeology, corresponding to Hazor, Megiddo, Gezer, Lachish, Masada, and Jerusalem, and a few of crucial discoveries which were made, together with the useless Sea Scrolls, the Mesha Inscription, and the Tel Dan Stele. next chapters study extra archaeological reveals that shed extra mild at the Hebrew Bible and New testomony, the problem of strength frauds and forgeries, together with the James Ossuary and the Jehoash capsule, and destiny clients of the field.
Biblical Archaeology: a really brief Introduction captures the experience of pleasure and significance that surrounds not just the previous heritage of the sector but in addition the current and the longer term, with interesting new discoveries made each season.
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Additional info for Biblical Archaeology: A Very Short Introduction (Very Short Introductions)
But Yadin, and soon the world, declared the effort to be worth the investment. The team uncovered numerous structures, including two palaces, a tannery, storerooms, and cisterns, as well as artifacts of everyday life such as a man’s belt buckle, which allowed them to glimpse what life had been like for the occupants in the days and weeks before they died. Perhaps most importantly for Yadin, the excavators found remnants of a conﬂict—piles of sling stones, arrowheads, and other 48 weapons. They discovered several bodies, including one group of three bodies that Yadin interpreted as the remains of a husband, wife, and child.
As an archaeologist, he was a faculty member of the Hebrew University of Jerusalem. 42 His military and political careers notwithstanding, Yadin was quite literally born to be an archaeologist. He was the son of Eliezer Sukenik, the Hebrew University of Jerusalem scholar who bought the ﬁrst three Dead Sea Scrolls in 1947, when Yadin was a thirtyyear-old university student. After serving as Head of Operations during the 1948 war and then as chief of staff of the IDF, Yadin went back to school, eventually writing his PhD thesis on the translation of the Dead Sea Scrolls.
Most likely, Josephus wrote his account safely back in Rome, utilizing the day books and other primary sources provided by Flavius Silva, the Roman commander who captured the site. Yadin decided to excavate Masada in large part to establish what really happened there nearly two thousand years ago. The physical difﬁculties created by the 1,300-foot-tall mountain made the excavation unique. Heavy equipment had to be lifted to the top of the mountain by helicopter; volunteers had to walk up the long and winding Snake Path every morning and come back down it every evening.