By Knut Andreas Bergsvik, Robin Skeates
Caves in Context presents the thriving inter-disciplinary box of cave stories with a European-scale survey of present learn in cave archaeology. it really is unified via a modern theoretical emphasis at the cultural value and variety of caves over area and time. Caves and rockshelters are chanced on far and wide Europe, and feature often been occupied by means of human teams, from prehistory correct as much as the current day. a few seem to have basically lines of brief occupations, whereas others comprise deep cultural deposits, indicating longer and a number of occupations. notably, there's nice variability of their human use, either secular and sacred. the purpose of this publication is to discover the a number of significances of those traditional locations in quite a number chronological, spatial, and cultural contexts throughout Europe. the quantity demonstrates, via a variety of archaeological techniques and examples, that cave stories, whist unavoidably focussed, can be of importance to wider, modern, archaeological learn agendas, quite whilst a contextual procedure is followed. The publication is additionally of relevance to different students operating within the comparable fields of speleology, earth sciences, panorama reports, and anthropology, which jointly include the inter-disciplinary box of cave stories.
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Additional info for Caves in Context: The Cultural Significance of Caves and Rockshelters in Europe
The lithic material consists of a few flakes of flint. 16. Fiskåhelleren is situated on the coast of Karmøy, Rogaland. Although its location is broadly coastal, it actually lies inland on the island Karmøy close to the shore of Fiskåvatnet (a freshwater lake). It was excavated in 2007 and 2008 (Eilertsen 2009). The Mesolithic layers were radiocarbon dated to about 7040–5560 cal BC. Stone adzes with round cross-sections were found. The lithic tool assemblage is dominated by microblades. Scalene triangles were also abundant.
Fiskåhelleren is situated on the coast of Karmøy, Rogaland. Although its location is broadly coastal, it actually lies inland on the island Karmøy close to the shore of Fiskåvatnet (a freshwater lake). It was excavated in 2007 and 2008 (Eilertsen 2009). The Mesolithic layers were radiocarbon dated to about 7040–5560 cal BC. Stone adzes with round cross-sections were found. The lithic tool assemblage is dominated by microblades. Scalene triangles were also abundant. There were also large amounts of cores and flakes.
No systematic survey has yet been directed specifically towards locating caves and rockshelters with prehistoric use in Norway. Such sites are usually found and reported accidentally by non-archaeologists, or as part of general cultural heritage surveys. Nevertheless, during the last few years, there has been a renewed interest in Mesolithic caves and rockshelters in Norwegian archaeology. Some of this interest has been related to their roles as funerary sites (Todnem 1999). g. T. B. Olsen 2006; Bergsvik and Hufthammer 2009; Eilertsen 2009).