By Valery Tishkov
This e-book illuminates one of many world's such a lot stricken areas from a distinct perspective-that of a famous Russian highbrow. Valery Tishkov, a number one ethnographer who has additionally served in different very important political posts, examines the evolution of the conflict in Chechnya that erupted in 1994, untangling the myths, the long-held resentments, and the ideological manipulations that experience fueled the situation. specifically, he explores the most important topics of nationalism and violence that feed the turmoil there. Forceful, unique, and well timed, his examine combines vast interview fabric, historic views, and deep neighborhood wisdom. Tishkov sheds gentle on Chechnya particularly and on how secessionist conflicts can increase into violent conflagrations often. With its balanced tests of either Russian and Chechen views, this e-book could be crucial examining for individuals trying to comprehend the position of Islamic fundamentalist nationalism within the modern international. Illustrations: 1 map
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Extra info for Chechnya: Life in a War-Torn Society (California Series in Public Anthropology, 6)
I went to a Russian school: I Wnished the Wrst form and then went on to a college. Thanks to the Communist Party, I, a member of an ignorant family and a backward nationality, received an education and a broad perspective. As a child I was an October kid [member of a children’s organization], and before my arrest in 1944, I had planned to join the Communist Party. In the years in between, I was brought up by the Pioneers and Comsomol [Young Communist League]. I was an activist, a secretary of the regional Comsomol committee for propaganda.
Famine, disease, and harsh treatment brought the Chechen and Ingush people to the brink of survival. (Gakayev 1997: 104) Even by the most conservative estimate, the Chechen and Ingush people lost, across the years of exile, over a third of their total number, but the most horriWc memories come from the initial act of deportation and the Wrst years of exile. The stories that follow were told me by members of the present generation, as told to them by their parents: My name is Zhovzan. I was born in Kirghizia, in the village of Novopalovka (near Frunze), in 1954.
By 1937, the proportion of indigenous people in the autonomous region’s bureaucracy had reached 70 percent, but on August 1, 1937, the NKVD (the police and security service, later known as the KGB) staged a purge of “anti-Soviet elements” and arrested 14,000 people in ChechenoIngushetiya. Some of them were summarily executed; others were sent to concentration camps. Arrests continued until November 1938: 137 people were seized from among the autonomous region’s bureaucracy alone, nearly all of them Chechens or Ingush.