By Robert Chaudenson

Creolization of Language and tradition is the 1st English version of Robert Chaudenson's landmark textual content Des ?les, des hommes, des langues, which has additionally been totally revised.. almost about the most kinds of creole French, Chaudenson argues opposed to the conventional account of creole genesis for a extra subtle paradigm which takes complete account of the extraordinary linguistic and social elements at play in colonial societies.This is an obtainable e-book which makes an incredible contribution to the learn of pidgin and creole language forms, in addition to to the improvement of latest ecu languages outdoors Europe. Key positive factors include:Analysis of present debates at the improvement of creolesDiscussion of many elements of human tradition together with song, medication, cooking, magic and folkloreTranslation of all French resources from which Chaudenson costs largely

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Thus the term pidgin has also been related to the Portuguese term occupação, ‘occupation, business’ (Leland 1876, cited in Todd 1974:20), though with no clear explanation of its phonetic evolution. It has also been linked to a tribe of Oyapock Indians, the Pidians; the term pidian was supposedly diffused as early as the seventeenth century from South America, through vernacular English (Reinecke 1959, cited in Valdman 1978:3). According to another hypothesis, pidgin can be traced back to the Portuguese pequeno, ‘small,’ in the phrase pequeno Português, which is used to characterize ‘corrupted’ Portuguese varieties in Africa and elsewhere (a phrase resembling petit français).

The same is not true of a sabir, which may be closer to a pidgin, because it has been noticeably restructured. It designates an approximation, somewhat simplified (if a precise and established meaning can be attributed to ‘simplification’), of a pre-existing language. Differentiating more finely, one could say that a contact language is a sabir when it is still in its initial stage of emergence through the restructuring of a pre-existing language; it becomes a pidgin after it has stabilized to some extent.

When they made use of the term among themselves, they applied it to a fractured Romance spoken by those with whom they came into contact. Thus, the original meaning was narrowed to that which is accepted as valid here, and this meaning was then finally expanded in another direction; that is, by lingua franca, one usually means any widely spread commercial argot. ’ (Markey 1979:32) Schuchardt conducted a large survey of citations and attestations of Lingua Franca, from which it can be inferred, as he himself does, that in the eastern and central Mediterranean it was lexified essentially by Italian, whereas later, in the western Mediterranean, it was apparently lexified by Spanish.

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