By Charlotte Beck

Scientists who paintings with the methods of the previous that go away uncovered or surficial files at the earth's panorama all percentage the matter of courting those files. long ago, archaeologists and geomorphologists who've tried to this point floor or uncovered phenomena have usually been at a disadvange, because commonplace methods like radiocarbon or stratigraphy are regularly now not acceptable. during this quantity archaeologists, geologists, geographers, and physicists talk about equipment starting from those who were in life for a while, yet were significantly enhanced, to numerous new techniques which were in particular built for the courting of uncovered and floor files. quantity members are Peter L. okay. Knuefer, Danny McCarrol, Charlotte Beck, George T. Jones, Ronald I. Dorn, Robert C. Dunnell, James okay. Feathers, Mark D. Kurz, Edward J. Brook, Marek G. Zreda, Fred M. Phillips, John A. Matthews, and Olavi Heikkinen.

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Beck and Jones detail the hydration process and those factors affecting it in both subsurface and surface situations, concluding that obsidian hydration dating is as appropriate for use in the latter as in the former, at least for relative age control. The dating of surface artifacts by this approach is evaluated using an example from eastern Nevada. The potential of thermoluminescence for the dating of archaeological ceramics was first suggested in 1953 by Farrington Daniels at the University of Wisconsin (Michels 1973:189).

1'028'5dc20 94-7113 CIP © 1994 University of New Mexico Press All Rights Reserved. First edition. Page v Contents Acknowledgments xiii Chapter 1 Introduction Charlotte Beck 3 Chapter 2 Use of Rock Weathering Rinds in Dating Geomorphic Surfaces Peter L. K. Knuepfer 15 Chapter 3 The Schmidt Hammer as a Measure of Degree of Rock Surface Weathering and Terrain Age Danny McCarroll 29 Chapter 4 Dating Surface Assemblages Using Obsidian Hydration Charlotte Beck and George T. Jones 47 Chapter 5 Surface Exposure Dating with Rock Varnish Ronald I.

K. Knuepfer Department of Geological Sciences State University of New York Binghamton, New York Abstract Knowledge of the age of depositional and erosional surfaces, as opposed to the deposits underlying those surfaces, is of critical importance in many studies in Quaternary geology, geomorphology, and archaeology. The growth of weathering rinds, which are thin zones of oxidation or hydration products in a rock parallel to a clast surface, can be particularly useful for estimating ages of surfaces formed on coarse-grained deposits, due to the ubiquity of chemical weathering processes.

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