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All Rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part. 4 CHAPTER 1 Articulation and Acoustics which depends on the rate of vibration of the vocal folds. But there are circumstances in which the overtones of each vowel can be heard. Try saying just the vowels in the words heed, hid, head, had, hod, hawed, hood, who’d, making all of them long vowels. Now whisper these vowels. When you whisper, the vocal folds are not vibrating, and there is no regular pitch of the voice.

In the following sets of words, the sound of the vowel is the same in every case but one. Circle the word that has a different vowel sound. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. pen meat sane ton hoot dud said steak paid toast good died death weak eight both moon mine mess theme lace note grew eye mean green mast toes suit guy Copyright 2010 Cengage Learning, Inc. All Rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part. 2 Phonology and Phonetic Transcription Many people think that learning phonetics means simply learning to use phonetic transcription.

But in this case, the two sounds are not exactly the same. The words key and car begin with slightly different sounds. If you whisper just the first consonants in these two words, you can probably hear the difference, and you may be able to feel that your tongue touches the roof of the mouth in a different place for each word. This example shows that there may be very subtle differences between members of a phoneme. The sounds at the beginning of key and car are slightly different, but it is not a difference that changes the meaning of a word in English.

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