By Melinda A. Zeder, Daniel G. Bradley, Eve Emshwiller, Bruce D. Smith

Agriculture is the lever with which people reworked the earth over the past 10,000 years and created new sorts of plant and animal species that experience perpetually altered the face of the planet. within the final decade, major technological and methodological advances in either molecular biology and archaeology have revolutionized the examine of plant and animal domestication and are reshaping our figuring out of the transition from foraging to farming, one of many significant turning issues in human historical past. This groundbreaking quantity for the 1st time brings jointly top archaeologists and biologists engaged on the domestication of either vegetation and animals to think about a wide selection of archaeological and genetic ways to tracing the starting place and dispersal of domesticates. It offers a complete assessment of the cutting-edge during this speedy altering box in addition to stories of contemporary findings on particular crop and cattle species within the Americas, Eurasia, and Africa. providing a different worldwide standpoint, it explores universal demanding situations and strength avenues for destiny development in documenting domestication.

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Toronto: Academic Press. CHAPTER 3 Seed Size Increase as a Marker of Domestication in Squash (Cucurbita pepo) B R UCE D. SM ITH Introduction Among the most basic questions surrounding the origin of any plant or animal domesticate are the identity of its wild ancestor and the temporal, spatial, and cultural context of its initial domestication. Inherent in these questions of where and when a domesticate first emerged is the issue of whether the domestication was a single isolated development, or if multiple independent domestications of a species occurred at different times in different places.

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Pearsall and D. R. ), pp. 58–71. MASCA Research Papers in Science and Archaeology, Vol. 10. Philadelphia, PA: The University Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology, University of Pennsylvania. ———. 2006. Phytolith analysis in archaeology and environmental history. Walnut Creek, CA: AltaMira Press. Piperno, D. R. and D. M. Pearsall. 1998. The origins of agriculture in the lowland Neotropics. New York: Academic Press. Piperno, D. R. and K. E. Stothert. 2003. Phytolith evidence for Early Holocene Cucurbita.

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