By Alan Pearson, John Field, Zoe Jordan

Evidence-Based scientific perform in Nursing and Healthcare examines the Joanna Briggs Institute version for evidence-based perform which recognises study, conception and perform as resources of facts and takes a pragmatic method of constructing, imposing and comparing perform, in response to 'evidence' in its broadest sense.

Evidence-based scientific perform in Nursing and Healthcare addresses the character of facts in scientific perform, producing and synthesising facts, and moving and employing proof in medical perform. It describes the improvement of perform details sheets and scientific guidance and offers useful suggestions at the implementation of evidence-based perform and its assessment utilizing scientific audit.

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Extra resources for Evidence-based clinical practice in nursing and health care : assimilating research, experience and expertise

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Clinicians argue that the nature of everyday practice demands an eclectic, pragmatic approach to conceptualising evidence. The ‘consumers’ of systematic reviews – those who practice within the health system – regard the opinion of experts and the views of experienced clinicians and their professional bodies as valid forms of evidence for practice. This is so particularly when some intervention or activity is required in practice, even though no evidence from research exists to indicate what, if any, intervention or activity will be most effective.

Meta-synthesis is a process of combining the findings of individual qualitative studies (that is, cases) to create summary statements that authentically describe the meaning of these themes. The synthesis of evidence arising out of expert opinion and text Although the proponents of evidence-based health care would argue that the results of high-quality research are the only source of evidence for practice, this has drawn considerable criticism from clinicians. Clinicians argue that the nature of everyday practice demands an eclectic, pragmatic approach to conceptualising evidence.

For this reason it is a key element of the JBI Model of Evidence-Based Health Care, and it is the focus of this chapter. 27 EBC3 8/23/2006 11:03 Page 28 28 Chapter 3 Whenever health professionals engage in practice, they make numerous clinical decisions. In making such decisions, the practitioner draws on a wide range of knowledge. This will include knowledge of the basic biological and behavioural sciences; the health professional’s assessment of the current context and of the individual patient; their own experience; and their own current understandings of research reports they may have recently read.

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