By Chris Mann
The German army's first crusade within the some distance north was once a good luck: among April and June 1940 German forces of below 20,000 seized Norway, a nation of 3 million humans, for minimum losses.
The military discovered new abilities to struggle successfully in snow and ice. because the terrain prohibited using tanks and heavy artillery, and absence of airfields constrained the employment of plane, the conflict grew to become an infantry duel, waged throughout a frozen panorama. The struggle within the some distance north was once a ultimate crusade, and but, regardless of the losses inflicted at the purple military and Allied convoys, the Wehrmacht assets devoted there eventually tired the German conflict attempt. finally, Hitler's obsession with the possibility of an Allied invasion of Norway diverted males and materiel from the most attempt of the Allies.
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Additional resources for Hitler's Arctic War: The German Campaigns in Norway, Finland, and the USSR 1940-1945
19 Thus, Germany’s ruler accepted von Oppenheim’s proposal. In the event of war, the kaiser decided, Berlin would aid the Ottomans while the sultan would raise a jihad against Germany’s European foes in British-ruled India, French-ruled North Africa, and Russian Asia. Not A Christian Imperial Strategy Figure 4. Max von Oppenheim, the German “Abu Jihad” (“father of jihad”) and mastermind of the jihadization of Islam from 1893 on, sits in his tent, carpeted and hung with texts from the Qu’ran in the style of an Arab chieftain.
20 On August 5, 1914, just three days after the German-Ottoman alliance was concluded, Chief of the German General Staff General Helmuth A Jihad Made in Germany 35 Figure 7. Enver Pasha, Ottoman war minister during World War I, who also unleashed the German-Ottoman jihadization of Islam with a 1914 call for AfroAsian jihad in the colonies of Great Britain, Russia, and France. After the war he briefly joined the Soviet “leftist jihad” in the service of world revolution, but was eventually killed fighting for Central Asian Muslim opponents of the Bolsheviks.
Typical was a 1915 fatwa by Hibat ad-Din Muhammad ash-Shahrastani, translated by Helmut Ritter of the Sixth Ottoman Army in Baghdad and Carl Brockelmann of Halle University. Becker checked the text 42 A Jihad Made in Germany and von Oppenheim’s organization distributed it widely. 50 The fatwa began with a question: “Germans are Christians and now helpers of Muslims. But they are also infidels like the Russians, En glish, Italians, and French. ” Ash-Shahrastani answered, “There are two kinds of infidels.