By Glyn Harper
The top Commonwealth army ornament for gallantry is the Victoria pass, and this publication examines the background of the award, telling the tales of these New Zealanders (to people with robust New Zealand institutions) who've gained it. This comprises awards made to British squaddies serving in New Zealand in the course of the New Zealand Wars, the Boer battle and the 1st and moment global Wars. (No New Zealander has ever been provided a VC when you consider that 1943.) additionally coated are the various controversies and political machinations surrounding these whose nominations were declined, Manahi, Stott, Simpson and Malone. a rare choice of contributors and their brave exploits is the exceptional outcome. Informative, interesting and provocative, "In the Face of the Enemy" is a riveting and beneficial addition to our army checklist, by way of hugely revered army historians. every one tale is robust and specific, and offers attention-grabbing perception into the battles that experience made our country and solid our background.
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Additional info for In the Face of the Enemy - the Complete History of the Victoria Cross and New Zealand
One by one, the nearby forts also surrendered: Verdun – 26 November; St Privat – 27 November; St Quentin – 6 December; Plappeville – 7 December; Driant – 8 December (Fort Driant surrendered at 1545hrs to the 5th Infantry Division); finally, Fort Jeanne d’Arc fell on 13 December, two months and 12 days after US reconnaissance patrols first glimpsed the Moselle River. The final, successful envelopment of the position was attributed to combined ground forces and skilfully planned operations marked by thorough execution.
Note also the concrete reinforcement of the lower half of the façade. (National Archives and Record Administration) 54 Division met with some resistance from Fort St Julien. However, when they approached the fort and blasted open the iron door guarding the entry postern with a 90mm high-velocity gun mounted on a tank destroyer, German resistance ended quickly. At 1030hrs on 19 November, the 10th Infantry Regiment linked up with the cavalry squadron of the 90th Infantry Division, and Metz was completely encircled.
They cut through the wire and completely surprised the German sentries. Volksgrenadier Division, who, when the alarm was finally raised, rushed out of the tunnels to counterattack with mortars. The mortar and long-range gunfire were directed from the observation post on top of the fort. The heavy guns kept up a continuous barrage against troops moving past the hilltop. A platoon from the 315th Engineer Combat Battalion set about the destruction of the observation posts and the infantry exits. They placed satchel charges against the doors and on the stairs, closing off the exits and preventing the type of sneak attacks that took such a toll at Fort Driant.