By Gordon Rottman
The lengthy and bloody struggling with for keep watch over of the japanese occupied Pacific islands in global warfare II is a key aspect in 20th-century struggle. No islands have been alike within the platforms and nature in their protective emplacements, and native improvization and command personal tastes affected either fabrics used and protective versions. This name info the institution, development and effectiveness of jap transitority and semi-permanent crew-served guns positions and person and small-unit battling positions. built-in hindrances and minefields, camouflage and the altering protecting ideas also are lined.
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Additional info for Japanese Pacific Island Defenses 1941-45 (Fortress, Volume 1)
A platoon front covers 200–300m with a 65m interval between sections. The company front covers 400m with two platoons in the frontline and 600m with three on line. The battalion front covers 800m with two companies on line, one in the second line, and one in reserve or in the second or a third line. With three companies in the frontline it would cover 1,800m. Gaps between platoons and companies are covered by HMGs wherever possible. Depending on terrain and avenues of approach, approximately one-third of a unit’s machine guns might be assigned wide sectors of ﬁre (30 degrees) to cover the unit’s entire front.
Principles of camouflage The Japanese were renowned for the effectiveness of their camouﬂage. Even veteran assault troops experienced difficulty in detecting Japanese positions. Natural camouﬂage was used as much as possible. Besides blending and contouring fortiﬁcations into the surrounding terrain, positions were also built among trees. Ground cover materials and sods were carefully removed before excavation began and once the position was completed it was replaced. Small plants and young palms were often planted on the tops and sides of earth-covered positions and watered.
Since their direction of ﬁre was upward the emplacements were often fairly deep. However, they were often positioned to allow them to engage surface targets, be they enemy tanks, troops, or landing craft. Larger AA guns often doubled as coast defense guns to engage ships close to shore. Besides HE, all 40mm and smaller-caliber AA guns were provided with AP ammunition for use against armored vehicles. The 75mm and larger guns had only HE rounds, but these were effective against tanks at moderate ranges.