By Alessandro Duranti
Alessandro Duranti introduces linguistic anthropology as an interdisciplinary box that stories language as a cultural source and conversing as a cultural perform. The theories and techniques of linguistic anthropology are brought via a dialogue of linguistic variety, grammar in use, the position of talking in social interplay, the association and which means of conversational constructions, and the inspiration of participation as a unit of study. Linguistic Anthropology will entice undergraduate and graduate scholars.
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Additional info for Linguistic Anthropology
Knowledge of the participants’ social class, family background, or gender gives us only a portion – albeit a potentially important one – of the story that is being constructed. As pointed out by Susan Gal (1989), the recent work on women’s language rightly rejects any essentialist idealization of a “woman’s voice” and its implicit notion of a women’s separate culture and puts forward the hypothesis of “more ambiguous, often contradictory linguistic practices, differing among women of different classes and ethnic groups and ranging from accommodation to opposition, subversion, rejection or reconstruction of reigning cultural deﬁnitions” (Gal 1989: 4).
Once we start doing this, we are faced with the political or militaristic connotations of such terms and we may then soon realize that such connotations are not accidental. They correspond to frames of reference that inform how we understand and use language within particular institutions. Foucault uses the term “discourse” as something much wider than a text or a sequence of speech acts. g. the way of conceptualizing and institutionalizing hygiene in eighteenth-century France) – this use explains why Foucault speaks of discourses (in the plural).
Such a connection is made even more apparent in the discussion of the third notion, participation. 3 Participation As mentioned earlier in this chapter, linguistic anthropologists share with other social scientists a concern for speakers as social actors. This means that speaking is seen above all as a social activity involving always more than linguistic expressions. This epistemological stance is well captured in the following statement, which was originally written by Hymes as a criticism of Chomsky’s notion of competence: We have ...