By Meyer Fortes, editor
Carrying on with a coverage of devoting a complete factor to a unmarried subject, the 3rd quantity of the sequence offers with elements of marriage in tribal societies. 3 papers by means of Esther Goody, Grace Harris and Jean los angeles Fontaine provide debts of observations in African tribal societies; the fourth, by way of Marguerite Robinson, is a reassessment of Malinowski's info at the Trobrian islanders. Marriage in tribal societies is a transaction: it's also an establishment with a spot within the social constitution. prestige in marriage is obvious as a very important factor. The circulation from filial to conjugal prestige in a primary marriage is prime and irreversible; it's not decreased by way of next divorce and remarriage. The companions might switch, the prestige continues to be. however, the rights and responsibilities of marriage, as soon as accredited, are supposed to be revered via all others. for this reason the jural consequences for adultery. those are a number of the issues which start up vital theoretical discussions in those papers. In his introductory essay Professor Fortes unifies the fabric, notes the $64000 generalizations which emerge, and issues tips to extra examine.
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Extra resources for Marriage in Tribal Societies (Cambridge Papers in Social Anthropology n° 3)
977-980. 4 H. LABORIT: les Comportements. biologie, physiologie, pharmacologie, Masson (Paris), 1973. 5 D. E. SMITH, M. B. KING et E. G. HOEBEL: «Lateral hypothalamic control of killing evidence for a cholinoceptive mechanism», Science, 1970, 167. 3919, pp. 900-901. 6 R. J. BANDLER: «Facilitation of aggressive behaviour in rat by direct cholinergic stimulation of the hypothalamus», Nature (Londres), 1969, 224, 5223, pp. 1035-1036. muricide puisse être rapproché du PVS que nous avons vu être lui aussi cholinergique.
T. DIXSON et J. HERBERT: «Testosterone, aggressive behaviour and dominance Tank in captive adult mais talapion monkey», Physiol. , 1977, 18, 3, pp. 539-543. type d’agressivité des agressivités compétitives. En effet, le stimulus douloureux qui est le facteur provoquant l’agressivité défensive peut provenir d’un autre individu entrant en compétition pour l’obtention d’un objet ou d’un être gratifiant. Et même chez l’animal, l’innéité du comportement n’est pas toujours facile à discerner. Expérimentalement, chez lui, l’agressivité défensive est plus facile à classer, car on peut la provoquer par la stimulation électrique de certaines aires cérébrales.
S. WELCH et B. L. WELCH: «Isolation, reactivity and aggression: evidence for an involvement of brain catecholamines and serotonin», in B. E. ELEFTHERIOU, J. P. SCOTT: The Physiology of Aggression and Defeat, Plenum Press (Londres), 1971. 3 B. E. ELEFTHERIOU et R. L. CHURCH: «Brain levels of serotonin and norepinephrine in mice after exposure to aggression and defeat», Physiol. , 1968, 3, pp. 977-980. 4 H. LABORIT: les Comportements. biologie, physiologie, pharmacologie, Masson (Paris), 1973. 5 D.