By Steven J. Zaloga
Osprey's examine of Operation <em>Dragoon</em>, the Allied landings in southern France on August 15, 1944, which was the most arguable operations of worldwide battle II (1939-1945), resulting in deep divides among usa and British planners. the USA aim was once to threaten the rear of the German armies occupying France via a touchdown at the jap French coast and to push speedily northward in the direction of Lorraine to satisfy up with Allied forces bursting out of Normandy.
<em>Dragoon</em> used to be a fancy operation similar to the Normandy landings, whole with a US and British airborne attack through a naval attack touchdown. The landings resulted in a precipitous German retreat from France, licensed by way of Hitler himself. In September 1944, the U.S. 7th military and French First military reached Lorraine, sealing off any final German troops and finishing the liberation of the vast majority of French territory.
Popular Osprey writer Steve Zaloga tells the tale of this operation, from the derisive debates among the Allied commanders to the boys who hit the seashores and charged ashore to aid release occupied France.
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Additional resources for Operation Dragoon 1944: France’s other D-Day (Campaign, Volume 210)
Moosbrugger had the luxury of allowing the Japanese to close his port bow to some 6,300yd before ordering his torpedo attack. At 2341hrs, 22 torpedoes left their mounts for an expected four and a half minute run to their targets. After launching his weapons, Moosbrugger ordered his ships to turn away from the Japanese; this would present as small a target as possible for any returning Japanese torpedoes. Too late did Japanese lookouts spot the American destroyers against the dark mass of Kolombangara.
After the American landings, Burke and Merrill prepared for the Japanese challenge they knew was coming. The Japanese did respond, and Merrill had his hands full with a Japanese force that included two heavy cruisers. Merrill adopted Burke’s concepts and decided to let his destroyers play a leading role. They would begin the battle with a torpedo attack, after which Merrill’s light cruisers would engage in a gunnery duel beyond the assessed range of Japanese torpedoes. The battle did not go exactly as scripted, but Merrill and Burke accomplished their mission.
Officers of Destroyer Squadron 23 ashore at Purvis Bay, Solomon Islands, on May 24, 1944. Present are Burke and the five skippers of the destroyers that participated in the battle of Cape St. George. A. Gano, Commanding Officer, USS Dyson; Commander Luther K. Reynolds, Commanding Officer, USS Charles Ausburne; Captain Arleigh A. L. C. Hamberger, Commanding Officer, USS Converse; Commander Herald Stout, Commanding Officer, USS Claxton; and Commander Henry J. Armstrong, Commanding Officer, USS Spence.