By Antony Beevor, Artemis Cooper
During this superb synthesis of social, political, and cultural background, Antony Beevor and Artemis Cooper current a vibrant and compelling portrayal of the town of lighting fixtures after its liberation. Paris grew to become the diplomatic battleground within the beginning phases of the chilly warfare. by contrast risky political backdrop, each element of existence is portrayed: rankings have been settled in a coarse and asymmetric justice, black sellers grew wealthy at the distress of the inhabitants, and more and more highbrow luminaries and artists? together with Hemingway, Beckett, Camus, Sartre, de Beauvoir, Cocteau, and Picasso?contributed new principles and a renewed power to this awesome second in time.
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Additional info for Paris After the Liberation 1944-1949 (Revised Edition)
Because vehicles required deeper-draft landing craft than troops, sandbars that light troop-carrying boats overrode became obstacles to heavier tank and truck lighters. Even on beaches without sandbars, lighters frequently bottomed some distance from the shoreline and had to discharge vehicles into several feet of water, disabling electrical systems. Problems such as these provoked a spiral of unloading delays and forced troops ashore into a tactical disadvantage during the crucial early hours of the landings.
The assignment of an aircraft carrier to each landing site gave the task forces a great advantage: Allied aircraft could prevent reinforcement of enemy garrisons, but the French could not prevent Allied buildups ashore. Only at Safi and Algiers did lone sorties of French aircraft inflict damage, and both were quickly driven off. Naval gunfire provided essential support in neutralizing coastal batteries. In coordinating with friendly troop movements ashore, however, problems arose. Most landings took place near urban areas, which placed troops in civil-military minefields.
With surface units ten or more miles offshore, naval gunfire margins of error could not be ignored. Such considerations forced Army units to operate without some of the largecaliber support that could have shortened the duration—and reduced the casualty total—of some battles. For advancing units ashore, a more immediate tactical problem with naval gunfire occasionally arose. In the Fedala area a conflict in calls for support almost caused the tragedy of American fire landing among American troops.