By Jonathon E. Ericson, Timothy G. Baugh (auth.), Timothy G. Baugh, Jonathon E. Ericson (eds.)

In this special quantity, archaeologists study the altering monetary constitution of exchange in North the United States over a interval of 6,000 years. Organined by means of geographical and chronological divisions, each one bankruptcy specializes in alternate in a single of 9 areas from the Arachiac during the past due prehistoric interval. each one contribution explores neighboring components to llustrate the complexity of North American alternate. by way of charting the econmic constitution of those areas, archaeologists, financial anthropologists, and fiscal geographers achieve better perception into the dynamics of North American exchange and trade on a continental broad basis.

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However, it is clear that the Tarrentines had already significantly altered cultural patterns throughout the Maritime Peninsula and beyond; things would likely never have been the same even had Europeans-and their diseasesnot invaded the region. Thus, hunter-gatherer exchange networks need not have been homeostatic or epiphenomenal. Instead, they may have been harbingers of change. SUMMARY Archaeologists have long been aware that the Maine-Maritimes region witnessed a faScinating series of prehistoric exchange patterns.

52280) (5. Davis, personal communication, 1989). The sporadic distribution of Boucher complex sites, like those of the Moorehead phase and Maritime Archaic tradition, may possibly be a reflection of archaeological sampling bias. If this were so, however, the distribution of sites from the two periods should be more or less congruent. This is not the case. Instead, Boucher complex sites on the Maritime Peninsula and farther northeast cluster in northern New Brunswick and Nova Scotia and occur as apparent isolates at Sillery and 34 BRUCE].

The English called these traders "Tarrentines," which may be a corruption of an eastern Algonquian term for trader (Eckstorm 1945:75-76, but see Siebert 1973). The Tarrentine's furs were supplied through a polyglot alliance led by chief men, called sagamores or sachems, under the leadership of Besabes, a regionally prominent Etchemin from Penobscot Bay. Besabes' alliance extended westward, perhaps as far as Lac Megantic, Quebec (Buccawganecants, in Purchas 1625:404), and may have been organized in order to deal with Tarrentine fur traders (Bourque and Cox 1985).

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