By Qamar-ul Huda

This booklet examines the theological, philosophical and Islamic mystical dimensions of the Suhraward sufi order from the thirteenth to fifteenth centuries. The Suhrawards have been a legally grounded and intellectually bright sufi order whose mystical direction used to be in keeping with exchanges and debates at the Qur'an and at the Prophet's customs. The booklet analyses their interpretation of sacred texts: the Qur'an, hadiths, sunna, and malfuzat. This created a different self-understanding, which constructed particular sufi religious routines. The booklet discusses new very important methods of puzzling over the sufi hermeneutics of the Qur'an and its contribution to Islamic highbrow and non secular existence.

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In his s≠f⁄ beliefs, al-Suhraward⁄ was quite conservative and spoke out against the philosophical speculative orientation of his contemporaries, such as Ibn- Arab⁄. He was a strong supporter for obeying Islamic law (shar⁄ å) as the legitimate form for society to be structured and for true religious understanding. With shar⁄ å and other related disciplines such as theology, Qur ånic tafs⁄r, and sunnå studies, al-Suhraward⁄ believed that they all must be strictly observed for real inner spiritual ascension.

56 In 1221, the sultån of R≠m, Alå ad-d⁄n Kay-Kubåd I, ascended to the throne as the new Seljuk leader, and caliph al-Nåsir specifically selected shaikh al-Suhraward⁄ to be sent to the Seljuk court as lio 32 0111 1 0111 0111 0111 111 11 0111 1 111 0111 0111 0111 1111 olio T H E L I F E O F S H A I K H ‘ A BÁ HAFS U M A R A L - S U H R A W A R DÛ a personal emissary to ensure that the new administration would not disrupt the established fut≠wwa groups. These missions were important because fut≠wwa groups in Anatolia had a large membership that included merchants, ulamå , politicians, craftsmen, and s≠f⁄s.

The Khwårzamians soon had an impressive empire of their own, from the borders of India to Anatolia. Caliph alNåsir’s attempts to be the center for Islamic diplomacy and politics were rooted in creating an environment of religious unity. Shaikh al-Suhraward⁄’s relationship with the Nizår⁄ Ismå ⁄l⁄s In order to understand the way al-Nåsir was able to cultivate allies in a short period of time, it is necessary to turn to the Nizår⁄ Ismå ⁄l⁄ state in Alamut. This is probably al-Nåsir’s most spectacular diplomatic victory because he turned a historically hostile faction and integrated the leader of the Nizår⁄ Ismå ⁄l⁄ state into his party of alliances.

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