By Jesse Walter Fewkes

A important recounting of the 1st formal archaeological excavations in Puerto Rico. initially released because the Twenty-Fifth Annual document of the Bureau of yank Ethnology to the Secretary of the Smithsonian establishment in 1907, this ebook used to be praised in an editorial in American Anthropologist as doing "more than the other to offer a complete inspiration of the archaeology of the West Indies." till that point, for often political purposes, little clinical study were carried out via american citizens on any of the Caribbean islands. Dr. Fewkes' detailed talents of remark and event served him good within the quest to appreciate Caribbean prehistory and tradition. This quantity, the results of his cautious fieldwork in Puerto Rico in 1902-04, is magnificently illustrated via ninety three plates and forty three line drawings of specimens from either private and non-private collections of the islands. A 1907 article within the magazine of the Royal Anthropological Institute of serious Britain and eire defined the amount as "a most dear contribution to ethnographical science."  

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Extra info for The Aborigines of Puerto Rico and Neighboring Islands

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The northeastern part of the island formed a caciquedom called Loisa, from an Indian chieftainess who received this European name when she was con verted to Christianity, shortly after the settlement of Caparra. She was killed by Carib from Vieques in a raid which they made into her territories under a chief named Guarabo, to a\'enge the death of his brother, Carimar, who had been killed by the Spaniards. The province of Yagueca, a name now perpetuated in the name Mayaguez, wa:, the territory of the chief Urayoan.

In some sections of the island he sometimes sent with his embassy presents of food or game. It was customary, after the father had promised his daughter to the cacique, for the latter to accompany the messengers to the father and determine the amount of the dowry of the bride. On his return he sent a present to the father of the girl every day for a month, and when that time had passed he again went to the father to receive the bride, who had beeu shut up in a specially prepared apartment, where no one could see her but the children who brought her food.

The natives are said to have inhabited caverns after the advent of Europeans, and Oviedo speaks of certain people in the province of Gaucayarima, in Haiti, who lived in subterranean dwellings, declaring that they were ignorant of agriculture, subsisted on the fruits and roots which nature provided, built no houses, and had no other habitations. He regarded this race of true cave dwellers as the most savage in the island of Haiti. of the inhabitants were not troglodytic, but lived in the open country and resorted to the numerous caves only for sepulture of the dead or for religious rites.

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