By Catherine Perlès
Farmers made a unexpected and dramatic visual appeal in Greece round 7000 BC, bringing with them new ceramics and crafts, and constructing settled villages. Their settlements give you the hyperlink among the 1st agricultural close to jap groups and the following unfold of the recent applied sciences to the Balkans and Western Europe. Drawing on facts from quite a lot of archaeological resources, together with usually missed ''small finds'', the writer introduces bold new views on funerary rituals and the distribution of collectible figurines, and constructs a fancy and refined photograph of early Neolithic societies.
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Additional info for The Early Neolithic in Greece: The First Farming Communities in Europe
Surface stone assemblages ascribed to the Final Palaeolithic or the Mesolithic have been mentioned in Boeotia in a preliminary report from Rolland (1980). But these assemblages have not been described and their chronological attribution has not, to my knowledge, been conﬁrmed. Cherry et al. 1988 and unpublished preliminary reports. 19 Keller and Cullen 1992; Sampson 1980. Wilkie and Savina 1997. Bailey, G. 1997a, 1997b; Bailey et al. 1983a, 1983b; Dakaris et al. 1964; Higgs and Vita-Finzi 1966; Higgs et al.
On Saliagos, for instance, the only wild species certainly present before human settlement is the fox, although Higgs claims that wild bezoar (Capra aegragus) and deer may have been present on some islands (Higgs et al. 1968). Wild resources must, at any rate, have been very scarce (Davis 1992). Besides ﬁsh and shells, they could not have constituted a relevant complement to the diet. As a consequence, small Aegean islands could not have been proﬁtably settled without the introduction of domestic resources, provided that the problem of water could be solved since many islands have no springs or lakes.
Or 7000 cal BC. See discussion of the 14C dates below, pp. 84ff. , Barker 1985: 71; Bogucki 1988: 50; Dennell 1983: 163–8; Gimbutas 1974: 279; Milojcˇic´ 1973; Theocharis 1967: 171, 178; Wijnen 1981: 101–2. The introduction of farming 39 This position was ﬁrst defended in Greece by the great scholar Theocharis, who stated that ‘the earliest phase of the new stage, the Preceramic, has not so far yielded any evidence for direct diffusion from any particular direction’ (1973b: 34–5). , Kotsakis 1992; Kyparissi-Apostolika 1999; Protonotariou-Deïlaki 1992).