By Eleanor Burke Leacock
The aboriginality of the northeastern Algonkian "family searching territory" has been the topic of periodic debate through the 3 many years following Speck's first description of the method. the current paintings re-explores a few dynamic and old elements of the matter one of the Montagnais-Naskapi of the Labrador Peninsula within the mild of
new info from critical and southeastern Labrador, the place the searching territory is at the present both absent or within the strategy of constructing. It deals as facts for the post-Columbian improvement of the procedure an outline and research of the most elements liable for it in a single quarter at least-eastern Labrador-plus the applying of the ensuing hypotheses to a re-examination of the historic fabric from western Labrador.
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Additional resources for The Montagnais "Hunting territory" and the Fur Trade
All who help in the work of digging out a house and shooting the beavers receive a share of the furs. At Seven Islands a man who discovers a house will in all likelihood dig it with the help of one other person, preferably his own son. Yet at Natashquan a man does not consider limiting the number of people who will help him raid a house. Thomas Gregoire had discovered a house when alone one spring and had returned to raid it the following winter with three other men. When I asked why he had not returned with fewer men in order to have a larger share of the beavers, he saw little sense to my question.
36. Bailey 1937: 84-88 37. Bailey 1937: 87 38. Bailey 1937: 88 39. Jenness 1935: 5 40. Steward 1936: 339 Notes to Chapter II 1. Cooper 1939: 72-80. Cooper carried the argument further than Speck. He was interested in traits held in common by all marginal peoples, and, on the basis of early accounts in this area and world-wide comparative material, he felt that some system of land "ownership" was common to all hunting-gathering tribes (1939: 84; 1946: 293, 301). However, in his discussion of other areas, he failed to differentiate clearly between the family and the band as the owning group, and this is, after all, the point at issue (1939: 83-84, 89-90).
Mathieu and two other men caught sixteen beavers one fall. Mathieu was "chief," and he took as his share two large and two small beavers, allotting to the others three large and three small and four large and two small beavers. respectively. I asked why this division, since all three had big families, and found that it was also partly because the other two men both had large "accounts" at the store. But there was apparently an additional reason: the very fact that Mathieu was responsible made him take less, so that there would be no danger of hard feelings on the part of the other In other respects where money was concerned, there was also a certain uneasiness and tension.