By Richard H. Blake, Wayne Harrison (auth.), Ronald R. Watson (eds.)
In Alcohol, Cocaine, and injuries major specialists supply concise but targeted medical studies of the position of alcohol and cocaine in automobile, aviation, and aquatic injuries. The authoritative members current either utilized learn and epidemiological stories, with emphasis at the prevention of accidents via an elevated use of acceptable academic labels, legislations enforcement, and private and community-based prevention courses. as well as designated topical assurance, the articles recommend prevention ideas and supply aiding info for the position of therapy in lowering accidents.
Alcohol, Cocaine, and injuries may be of curiosity to substance abuse researchers, cops, therapy prone, coverage makers, and legislators liable for regulating alcohol and drug use, in addition to issues of safety in all components of transportation.
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Extra info for Alcohol, Cocaine, and Accidents
1. Relationship of variables in model. 206'· Fig. 2. Relationship of variables for drinkers only. in grades 9-12 completed a battery of surveys that examined the determinants of the model. At 3 mo (n = 500) and 1 yr (n = 417) later, students were questioned regarding their drinking and driving behaviors. Figure 1 shows the relationships between the variables. As expected, intention was a strong predictor of behavior at both Time 1 and Time 2. 001), accounting for 8 and 4% of the variance, respectively.
F. Pieper, and L. S. Robertson (1992) Effect of legal drinking age on fatal injuries of adolescents and young adults. Am. J. Public Health 82, 112-115. 28 R. Hingson, T. Heeren, S. Morelock, and R. 02 Law. Presented at the International Symposium on Young Drivers' Alcohol and Drug Impairment, Amsterdam, The Netherlands. 29A. C. Wagenaar (1983) Raising the legal drinking age in Maine: impact on traffic accidents among young drivers. Int. J. Addict. 18,365-377. 30A. C. Wagenaar (1986) Preventing highway crashes by raising the legal minimum age for drinking: the Michigan experience 6 years later.
The component of perceived control was not at all related to intention as proposed by the model, making its contribution questionable. There are a number of possible explanations for this finding. First, Ajzen 53 suggested that this component was useful for those behaviors in which the individual has little or no volitional control. If this behavior does not fit that description, it is likely the component would have little added value. Second, it may be that the assessment of perception of control was not measuring the construct that was intended.