By Niels Peter Lemche

Till the Seventies religious study belonged to the historical-critical university and had reached some degree the place all difficulties have been believed to were solved. Then all assumptions started to be became on their head. formerly, old reviews constituted the spine of religious study; now, each point of biblical background started to be wondered. the assumption of the outdated testomony as a resource of historic info used to be changed via an realizing of the texts as a way for early Jewish society to interpret its earlier. bible study and the Failure of historical past brings jointly key essays which mirror the trajectory of this scholarly shift on the way to light up the kingdom of bible study at the present time. The early essays current historical-critical reviews tracing old details. additional essays hire a extra serious and interpretive standpoint to check seminal concerns starting from the Hellenistic contexts of biblical culture to the functioning of outdated testomony society.

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16 Deuteronomy 15:1‑18 In Deuteronomy 15:2‑18 we seem to find the same two sections from the Book of the Covenant joined together in the law of the Sabbatical Year. Deuteronomy 15:1: ‫מקץ שבע־שנים תעשה שמטה‬. This does not necessarily imply that Deuteronomy 15:1 refers to a general observation every seventh year. The range of the ‫ שמטה‬has not been stated, and besides it is a question of whether agrarian condi­tions are included in the use of ‫ שמטה‬in Deuteronomy at all. In the ‘commentary’ on Deuteronomy 15:1‑11, there are conditions related to landed pro­perty that have been allowed for.

And G. von Rad, Das fünfte Buch Mose. Deuteronomium (ATD, 8; Göttingen: Vandenhoeck and Ruprecht, 1964), 74. See also R. P. , and Seitz, Redaktionsgeschichtliche, 167ff. 18. A. Jepsen, Untersuchungen zum Bundesbuch (BWANT, III 5; Stuttgart: Kohlhammer, 1927), 56. 19. Alt, Kl. Schr. I, 291. See also Chapter 1, this volume. 20. Note the use of ‫‘ מרצע‬pricker’, which in the Old Testament is only used in these two passages. Although the quotation does not follow Exod. 21 word by word, the majority of the words in Deut.

39‑54 (in which passage, many verses are probably secondary) be interpreted by analogy with the slave laws of Exodus 21:2ff. , both of which insist that six years of service is sufficient for persons who have been forced to sell themselves because of debt. If the inter­pretation of ‫ יובל‬as deriving from the verbal root √ jbl, as suggested by R. North, is correct,36 the Jubilee Year may be taken to mean the ‘manumis­sion year’, ‘the year of release’ or the like. In accordance with Exodus 21:2ff.

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