By Eberhard Jungel
Eberhard Jüngel is without doubt one of the world's so much artistic Christian thinkers. this can be his first particular exam of the connection among theology and politics, among the church and country or, as he himself places it, of 'the political life of the Christian'. This exam takes the shape of a severe theological research of the Barmen Theological statement - the brave assertion of religion produced in Germany in 1934 within the face of the increase of nationwide Socialism. Jüngel explores particularly the 5th thesis, which issues the state's God-given accountability to defend justice and peace. one of many major features of this publication is its hindrance to combine the intense, educational dedication of theology within the carrier of fact with its important existential dating to the pulpit. with no coherent clutch of this the church degenerates right into a 'characterless membership for the cultivation of religion' whereas educational theology is decreased to a sort of spineless irrelevance which shirks its obligations to the genuine international. Jüngel's main issue is to provide a theology within which rigorous theological dedication and the non secular lifetime of the church are intergrated.
This fresh ebook makes major contributions to the controversy about the query of normal theology and divine decree, the Lutheran doctrine of the 2 regiments (kingdoms), the theological grounds of human rights, the ethics of using strength by means of the kingdom, the consequences for simply conflict thought of the nuclear potential and an entire diversity of different important modern concerns.
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Extra resources for Christ, Justice and Peace: Toward a Theology of the State in Dialogue with the Barmen Declaration
Of course this does not intend to contest that we still hear many words and voices outside of this one Word of God. And this is in no way to contest that in this life there are both trust and things worthy of trust, obedience and that which we must obey. Indeed, it is not even contested that there are still other words of God outside of this one Word of God that is Jesus Christ in person, or even that there can be something like a natural recognition of God. What is contested is only that such are able to stand next to Christ and be likewise our "comfort in life and death ".
In thinking that one is able to get to know Jesus Christ by some means other than through the Scriptures alone, one inevitably misses Jesus Christ himself. D. , 102. 16 Cf. A Burgsmuller/R. Weth (pub), loc. , 34. 22 CHAPTER 2 trous, false avenues, which lead not to life but to death. "18 In view of such a statement, which today sounds crass and primitive but which at the time received a wide hearing, it is understandable that the Synod declared with such sharpness, in the form of a biblical judgement: "The one who does not go into the sheepfold by the door but climbs in somewhere else is a thief and a murderer" (JnlO:l).
Kritische Anfragen an die Erklârung des Moderamens des Reformierten Bundes zur Friedensverantwortung der Kirche" in ZThK 3/83, 352-372. 4 CHAPTER 1 I 1. The Barmen Theological Declaration has significance for the present day at least in so far as it is a classical example of how very much the Christian church depends on solid theology and of how little value there is in a theology which evades its concrete responsibility to the church. Indeed, Karl Barth made clear in 1934 that the real importance of the Barmen Synod was that the "resistance to the system which had at that time arisen"2 had now finally taken theological form.