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Some Later Medieval Theories of the Eucharist: Thomas Aquinas, Gilles of Rome, Duns Scotus and William Ockham

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Acclaimed thinker, Marilyn McCord Adams, investigates those later medieval theories of the Eucharist, targeting the writings of Thomas Aquinas, Giles of Rome, Duns Scotus, and William Ockham, with a few connection with Peter Lombard, Hugh of St. Victor, and Bonaventure. She examines how their efforts to formulate and combine this theological datum provoked them to make major revisions in Aristotelian philosophical theories in regards to the metaphysical constitution and placement of our bodies, modifications among substance and injuries, causality and causal powers, and primary varieties of swap. surroundings those advancements within the theological context that gave upward push to the query attracts recognition to their understandings of the sacraments and their objective, in addition to to their understandings of the character and future of human beings.
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Hugh of Saint Victor

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The Turnings of Darkness and Light: Essays in Philosophical and Systematic Theology

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Theological determinism, on the other hand, claims that all events are determined by God. On this view, God decrees that everything will go thus-and-so and ensures that everything goes that way, so that ultimately God is the cause of everything that happens and everything that happens is part of God’s plan. We might think of God here as the all-powerful movie director who writes the script and causes everything to go in accord with it. We should note, as an aside, that there is some debate over what would be sufficient for theological determinism to be true.

Some philosophers have responded to Plantinga by arguing that the process of evolution could likely by itself, without divine oversight, furnish us with reliable cognitive faculties. For critical discussion of this argument, including objections and Plantinga’s replies, see Naturalism Defeated? Essays on Plantinga’s Evolutionary Argument Against Naturalism, ed. James Bielby (Ithaca, NY: Cornell, 2002). Exclusivism Reflection on religious diversity—the fact that there are many different major religions in the world, with millions of adherents some of whom display exclusivism 39 a great deal of spiritual and moral sensitivity—often leads to the question whether different and apparently opposing religious traditions can be inspired by the same divine reality, and whether each can provide a genuine path to salvation.

The Euthyphro problem raises the famous and important question, Is an action right because God commands it, or does God command it because it is right? DCT answers this question by taking the first option and saying that an action is right because God commands it. To put the matter very loosely, when God thinks about which actions to command and which to forbid, God does not say, “Hmmm. ” Instead, on DCT, truth-telling isn’t right until God commands it, and lying isn’t wrong until God forbids it.

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