By Raymond J. VanArragon
Read Online or Download Key Terms in Philosophy of Religion PDF
Similar theology books
How can the physique and Blood of Christ, with out ever leaving heaven, become rather current on eucharistic altars the place the bread and wine nonetheless appear to be? 13th and fourteenth century Christian Aristotelians suggestion the reply needed to be "transubstantiation. "
Acclaimed thinker, Marilyn McCord Adams, investigates those later medieval theories of the Eucharist, targeting the writings of Thomas Aquinas, Giles of Rome, Duns Scotus, and William Ockham, with a few connection with Peter Lombard, Hugh of St. Victor, and Bonaventure. She examines how their efforts to formulate and combine this theological datum provoked them to make major revisions in Aristotelian philosophical theories in regards to the metaphysical constitution and placement of our bodies, modifications among substance and injuries, causality and causal powers, and primary varieties of swap. surroundings those advancements within the theological context that gave upward push to the query attracts recognition to their understandings of the sacraments and their objective, in addition to to their understandings of the character and future of human beings.
Adams concludes that their philosophical transformations have been typically now not advert hoc, yet systematic revisions that made room for transubstantiation whereas permitting Aristotle nonetheless to explain what as a rule and of course occurs.
Born in Saxony in 1096, Hugh turned an Augustinian monk and in 1115 moved to the monastery of Saint Victor, Paris, the place he spent the rest of his existence, ultimately changing into the pinnacle of the varsity there. His writings disguise the complete variety of arts and sacred technological know-how taught in his day. Paul Rorem deals a easy creation to Hugh's theology, via a complete survey of his works.
This number of essays, written among 1975 and 1987, covers subject matters together with the doctrine of analogy, the Trinity, theological realism, the problims of evil and soreness, ecclesiology, and the so-called theistic proofs. the sooner writings relect the author's education as a thinker within the Anglo-Aamerican analytic culture.
- From al-Ghazali to al-Razi: 6th 12th Century Developments in Muslim Philosophical Theology
- Infant baptism and infant salvation in the Calvinistic system. A review of Dr. Hodge's theology
- Essentials of Evangelical Theology - Volume One: God, Authority & Salvation
- How to Defend the Christian Faith: Advice From an Atheist
- Practice of Faith: A Handbook of Contemporary Spirituality
Additional info for Key Terms in Philosophy of Religion
Theological determinism, on the other hand, claims that all events are determined by God. On this view, God decrees that everything will go thus-and-so and ensures that everything goes that way, so that ultimately God is the cause of everything that happens and everything that happens is part of God’s plan. We might think of God here as the all-powerful movie director who writes the script and causes everything to go in accord with it. We should note, as an aside, that there is some debate over what would be sufficient for theological determinism to be true.
Some philosophers have responded to Plantinga by arguing that the process of evolution could likely by itself, without divine oversight, furnish us with reliable cognitive faculties. For critical discussion of this argument, including objections and Plantinga’s replies, see Naturalism Defeated? Essays on Plantinga’s Evolutionary Argument Against Naturalism, ed. James Bielby (Ithaca, NY: Cornell, 2002). Exclusivism Reflection on religious diversity—the fact that there are many different major religions in the world, with millions of adherents some of whom display exclusivism 39 a great deal of spiritual and moral sensitivity—often leads to the question whether different and apparently opposing religious traditions can be inspired by the same divine reality, and whether each can provide a genuine path to salvation.
The Euthyphro problem raises the famous and important question, Is an action right because God commands it, or does God command it because it is right? DCT answers this question by taking the first option and saying that an action is right because God commands it. To put the matter very loosely, when God thinks about which actions to command and which to forbid, God does not say, “Hmmm. ” Instead, on DCT, truth-telling isn’t right until God commands it, and lying isn’t wrong until God forbids it.