By Melvin Ember, Carol R. Ember

With out ethnography, cross-cultural comparability wouldn't be attainable. yet with no cross-cultural comparability, we might be aware of not anything of what might be common or variable throughout human cultures, or why version exists.

Cross-Cultural study equipment is an introductory educating instrument that indicates scholars and power researchers how one can describe, evaluate, and research styles that take place in several cultures, that's, tips on how to shape and try anthropological, sociological, mental, scientific, or political hypotheses approximately cultural version.

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Ember 1983). 3 Theories and Hypotheses Underlying most research questions are ideas, implicit or explicit, about how and why things are the way they are. Kung San of the Kalahari Desert in South Africa, are described as peaceful (in the 1950s and 1960s). Indeed, many anthropologists would like to believe that simpler societies have less war than more complex (state) societies. To answer a descriptive question, it is probably not necessary to spell out the implicit assumptions behind the question, but we would argue that it would be beneficial to do so.

Measures need to reflect the cultural context and purpose(s) of the study. • Researchers should strive for reliability, precision, validity, and explicitness. • Researchers should aim for multiple or alternative measures. Designing Measures for Cross-Cultural Research Using Secondary Data In chapter 2, we said that the research question suggests much of what the researcher needs to do. ” We know we have to measure the typical family form in a sample of societies. ” we would also have to measure the typical family form.

Implication or prediction 1: Parents and other caretakers will tend to train boys to be more aggressive than girls. Implication or prediction 2: Boys will be more aggressive than girls and men will be more aggressive than women. Theories and Hypotheses / 39 Notice that theory 1, theory 2, and theory 3 all imply the same prediction—males will be more aggressive than females. The unicorn example shows us intuitively that verification of the conclusion does not affirm the premises. So what does that principle tell us about the three theories?

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