The typical Agricultural coverage (CAP) is a crucial coverage for the ecu Union and money owed for roughly forty% of the european price range. Ever given that its inception in 1958, the CAP has been usually reviewed and changed to enhance its functionality and adapt to altering situations. At a time while the post-2013 way forward for the CAP is being mentioned and significant demanding situations corresponding to nutrition safety and weather switch lay forward, you will need to overview the influence of prior reforms and to attract classes for the layout of destiny guidelines. whereas the experiences in those court cases frequently take account of nationwide and overseas marketplace results of agricultural regulations, they have a tendency to target the influence of regulations on farms and on the neighborhood and native degrees. this day, the ecu Union consists of very varied areas which are affected very another way through any given farm coverage, reckoning on the structural features of the farms and areas economies. This record collects papers awarded on the OECD Workshop on Disaggregated affects of CAP Reforms, held in Paris in March 2010, which serious about fresh reforms. specifically, it tested the implementation of the only money scheme considering that 2005 and the move of cash among varied measures. precise realization was once additionally paid to reforms of the sugar and dairy sectors with appreciate to the quota procedure and the restructuring of either those industries. The papers additionally examine the effect of the recent direct check procedure on land use, construction and source of revenue.

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The second considers the situation where there are ten countries in total in the customs union but only one of them (country A) supports the production of good 1. e. when the proportion of subsidised production under coupled payments in the customs union is small). In order to simplify the analysis, a number of assumptions are made. e. there are no indirect wealth and risk effects associated with the payments. e. not in the exact form of the regime of direct payments in existence before the CAP reforms of 2003).

Total does not equal sum of others as includes processing revenues and tariff revenues. 2. Change in consumer welfare is measured by money metric (Money metric is a monetary value of the consumer "welfare". It is obtained from the indirect utility function. Behind it is a computation of "how much consumer budget is needed at the new prices in order to be as well off as in the baseline scenario". , 2004, p. 170). 1. The move to further decoupling is likely to lead to welfare gains, although the fact that full decoupling has not been implemented in the key beef sector (as well as sheep and goats) will limit these gains.

The strongest opposition to policy liberalisation comes from farmers in the NMS. There is also pessimism surrounding the opportunities for diversification. More than 40% of respondents do not think that they can “easily” find a job off-farm or increase the number of hours devoted to off-farm work. The majority of respondents agree with the need for farmers to produce attractive landscapes and positive environmental externalities, and to be paid for it. The main conclusions regarding the NMS are that the introduction of the new CAP payments provides greater incentive for farmers to remain in agriculture and to grow, but makes them less interested in diversification.

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