By Alan E. Branch F.C.I.T., F.I.Ex. (auth.)

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No 3 -r- --r-l rr-T1r-r-: No6 : Fig. 2 Combi King 45 - flexible container/bulk carrier. This vessel of 45 000 dwt has a grain capacity of 58 700m 3 or a container capacity of2127 TEUs. It is suitable for worldwide trading in the bulk carriage of grain, coal, ore, bauxite, phosphates, packaged timber, standard pipe lengths and containers. e. grain, timber, ore, coal etc. Another example of a modern tramp vessel and of Japanese build is the Freedom-type tonnage. This vessel combines the essential features of a single deck bulk cargo carrier with those of a closed shelter deck ship.

This Code, known as the Bulk Chemical Code, provides safety standards for the design, construction, equipment and operation of ships carrying noxious liquid substances in bulk. Some countries have implemented the Code and others use it on a voluntary basis; some require foreign chemical tankers trading in their waters to possess a Certificate of Fitness issued either by the flag administration or a recognized organization, such as a classification society, on their behalf. Statements of Compliance are also provided at the request of owners for the flag administration to issue a Certificate of Fitness.

A modern single-deck vessel is found in Fig. 3 with all the accommodation and machinery aft. It is of the Freedom-type design and ideal for grain, packaged lumber, etc. 05 m, and cargo capacity of 14 500 tonnes. A large number of single-deck vessels, particularly colliers (coal carriers) have very large hatches and are known as 'self-trimmers', as the cargo can be loaded into all corners of the hold. This reduces loading costs and improves turn-round time in port. Such vessels normally have their machinery aft.

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