By Theodore H. Bullock (auth.), Erol Başar, Theodore H. Bullock (eds.)

It is simple to visualize the thrill that pervaded the neurological global within the past due 1920's and early 1930's whilst Berger's first descriptions of the electro­ encephalogram seemed. Berger was once now not the 1st to find that adjustments in electrical strength might be recorded from the skin of the top, however it was once he who first systematized the strategy, and it used to be he who first proposed that explanatory correlations can be came upon among the electroencephalogram, mind techniques, and behavioral states. An explosion of job speedy fol­ lowed: experiences have been made from the mind waves in nearly each feasible behavioral nation, starting from basic human topics to these with significant psychoses or with epilepsy, to nation alterations akin to the sleep-wakefulness transition. There developed from this the self-discipline of medical Electroencepha­ lography which swiftly took a valued position in medical neurology and neuro­ surgical procedure. furthermore, use of the tactic in experimental animals ended in an extra realizing of such kingdom alterations as attention-inattention, arousal, and sleep and wakefulness. The evoked strength strategy, derived from electro­ encephalography, used to be utilized in neurophysiological study to build pre­ cise maps of the projection of sensory platforms upon the neocortex. those maps nonetheless shape the preliminary publications to reviews of the cortical mechanisms in sensation and notion. using the event-related power paradigm has proved worthy in reviews of the mind mechanisms of a few cognitive features of the brain.

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In: Cellular Pacemakers, vol. 1, Carpenter D, ed. New York: John Wiley and Sons, Inc, pp 163-186 Traub RD, Wong RKS (1982): Cellular mechanism of neuronal synchronization in epilepsy. Science 216:745-747 ° 26 Theodore H. Bullock Traub RD, Miles R, Wong RKS (l987a): Models of synchronized hippocampal bursts in the presence of inhibition. I. Single population events. J Neurophysiol 58: 739751 Traub RD, Miles R, Wong RKS, Schulman LS, Schneiderman JH (1987b): Models of synchronized hippocampal bursts in the presence of inhibition.

Biophys J 57: 130a Lenz FA, Kwan HC, Dostrovsky JO, Tasker RR (1989): Characteristics of the bursting pattern of action potentials that occurs in the thalamus of patients with central pain. Brain Res 496: 357 - 360 Leresche N, Jassik-Gerschenfeld D, Haby M, Soltesz I, Crunelli V (1990): Pacemakerlike and other types of spontaneous membrane potential oscillations ofthalamocortical cells. N eurosci Lett 113: 72-77 24 Theodore H. Bullock Lestienne R, Gary-Bobo E, Przybyslawski J, Saillour P, Imbert M (1990): Temporal correlations in modulated evoked responses in the visual cortical cells of the cat.

N _ 1 1 11I II1I 1 1 " '1' 1111_11'. ,1, 1 , 2 3 TIME (SEC) F E II I II II III II I III I 111111 1 1111 11 Ii IIUI I' ~ , II , 11111 11 11 I t I I I I' 1 1 111 I itli 0 1 1 1111 1 1111 ' I I I , I I II" I I I I I I I I I IIII 111111 11 1 1 I II ' " 1111"'111 11111111 11 . " " 1 1 11 1 11 11 1 11 11 II I I' ,I II 11 1 1 I I I • II 11 11 11 I . 11 1 1 1 1 1 1 11 1 11111 1~ 1~ 13 1~ 1~ TIME (SEC) Figure 4. The onset latency, frequency, amplitude, and temporal phase of oscillatory responses are not time-locked to the stimulus presentation.

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