By Thomas J. Allen, Michael S. Scott Morton
Probably the most pathbreaking and influential company books of the Nineties is The company of the Nineteen Nineties by means of Michael Scott Morton. Its professional view of ways info expertise could impact agencies and their skill to outlive and prosper within the Nineties has turn into the benchmark of pondering details expertise. Now, in a assisting spouse quantity, details know-how and the company of the Nineteen Nineties makes on hand the examine on which The company of the Nineties used to be established. The examine used to be performed on the Sloan university of administration at MIT by means of the administration within the Nineteen Nineties software. this system was once funded by way of a bunch of 12 business and govt sponsors from the us and Britain which incorporated American exhibit, electronic gear company, Eastman Kodak, British Petroleum, MCI Communications, basic vehicles, U.S. military, ICL Ltd., inner profit carrier, Ernst & younger, BellSouth, and CIGNA company. info expertise and the company of the Nineties goals to disseminate principles on how businesses can deal with the impression of knowledge expertise, and in addition to elevate concerns and stimulate extra concept by way of either teachers and pros. The ebook is split into 3 sections which conceal the knowledge know-how revolution, strategic suggestions, and association and administration responses. It comprises the paintings of many very important students together with Charles Jonscher, Michael J. Piore, Thomas W. Malone. JoAnne Yates, Robert I. Benjamin, Gary W. Loveman, Eric von Hippel, Edgar H. Schein, Stanley M. Besen, Garth Saloner, N. Venkatraman, Akbar Zaheer, John C. Henderson, Jay C. Cooprider, Kevin Crowston, Jeongsuk Koh, Gordon Walker, Laura Poppo, John S. Carroll, Constance Perin, Brian T. Pentland, John Chalykoff, Lotte Bailyn, D. Eleanor Westney, Sumantra Ghoshal, John D.C. Little, Thomas J. Allen, Oscar Hauptman, Lisa M. Lynch, Paul Osterman, Thomas A. Kochan, and John Paul MacDuffie.
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Extra resources for Information Technology and the Corporation of the 1990s: Research Studies
Reuters' clients now have terminals in more than 24,000 locations in 160 countries. In some cases, networking technology is dramatically reshaping industries. For example, the Publix supermarket chain in Florida turned its cash registers into pointof-sale banking machines, using its customer contact and ownership of a sophisticated telecommunications network to force major banks to cooperate in its new venture (Keen, 1986, p. 5). Integration breaks down walls between industries. Suddenly, retailers and oil companies are moving into banking, banks into publishing, and customers into suppliers' functions.
This is technology that computing applications brought new to the world and hence, consistent with our expectations based on the experience curve concept, is subject to steep cost decreases on the order of 35 percent per annum. Rotating magnetic memory (magnetic tape and disks) are—at least in the case of tapes—based on technology that has widespread application before and outside the data-processing environment (specifically, consumer and professional audio tape machines). Correspondingly, its introduction into information technology systems has had less impact on the rate of cumulative industry output growth, and the annual cost declines observed are much lower.
Stage 2: The 1960s. The 1960s saw the introduction of computers for the purpose of automating routine information-handling functions in business organizations. They began to be used to hold payroll records, to assist in processing accounts payable and receivable, and to support stock control. We can describe this new main application of computers by the generic term file handling. The bulk of computer processing time was used to store, reorder, and retrieve files containing large numbers of identically structured records; the amount of processing or calculation associated with the contents of each record was generally minimal.