By Vijay Paul Sharma, Harsh Wardhan
This publication is helping readers comprehend the options of advertised and marketable surplus, in addition to the position of the govt and advertising and marketing enterprises, together with these within the inner most area, in bettering industry potency. It additionally examines the effect of varied socioeconomic, technological, institutional, infrastructure, and value components at the advertised surplus of significant plants. whereas Indian agriculture has turn into more and more market-oriented and monetized, the significance of industry orientation of agriculture is usually being famous on the foreign level. The share of agricultural construction that's advertised by means of farmers has elevated considerably during the last few a long time in India: within the early Nineteen Fifties, approximately 30–35 in step with cent of nutrition grains output used to be advertised, which has now elevated to greater than 70 in step with cent. during this context, the advertised surplus is proportionately greater on the subject of advertisement vegetation than subsistence crops.
Recognizing its value, the govt. of India initiated a nation-wide survey to estimate marketable surplus and post-harvest losses within the early Nineteen Seventies, which endured as much as the past due Nineteen Nineties. As Indian agriculture, has gone through major transformation, and no trustworthy estimates of advertised and marketable surplus can be found, the examine used to be carried out to estimate the advertised and marketable surplus of significant nutrients plants in top generating states, and to ascertain vital components which be sure the extent of advertised surplus for numerous different types of farms.
the result of this learn provide a useful source for designing powerful foodstuff procurement, distribution and value guidelines. additional, they supply trustworthy estimates of loved ones farm retention trend for self-consumption, seed, feed, wages and different funds in type, which might be used because the foundation for making plans infrastructure improvement of garage and distribution. This crucial details may help policy-makers be sure how a lot advertised surplus is generated by means of the various different types of farmers and the way marketable surplus could reply to adjustments in assorted financial and non-economic variables, letting them layout rules accordingly.
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Extra resources for Marketed and Marketable Surplus of Major Food Grains in India
5 M. P. P. P. P. + Chhattisgarh M. P. P. P. 5 Changes in rice yield by major producing states and all-India average: 1981–2015 2927 1490 1259 1254 1269 2823 2661 1094 861 1198 1366 3710 2622 2023 1986 1905 2513 1999 2001–06 3134 1591 1445 1307 1793 3024 2562 1226 933 1352 1591 3949 3006 2060 2063 1993 2577 2175 2006–11 3077 1987 2088 2036 2211 3171 2690 1628 1493 1693 1769 3882 3230 2330 2334 2231 2741 2416 2011–15 Trends in Area, Production, and Yield 21 22 3 Overview of Rice Economy: Production, Procurement … (3077 kg/ha), while Madhya Pradesh (1493 kg/ha) has the lowest yield.
P. P. P. 1 The Table shows that the number of states falling under AA category remained three during all the decades from the 1980s to the 1990s, which increased to seven during the 2000s. West Bengal, which is one of the largest producers of rice in the country, moved from AA category during the 1980s to CA in the 1990s and remained in that category during the last decade. Other two major producers, 1 For comparison of states between different time periods, we have considered the undivided states of Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, and Uttar Pradesh.
Smallholder farmers face various marketing constraints that can either increase marketing costs or increase the market risks associated with market access and market information. High marketing costs are mainly due to poor transportation facilities, lack of reliable and timely market information, lack of competitive markets, etc. Over 60% of the sample farmers had access to regulated markets while around 39% sold their produce in unregulated markets. The pattern of market access gives a somewhat different picture when analysis is carried out by size of farm.