By Claire Lefebvre, Pieter Muysken (auth.)
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Additional info for Mixed Categories: Nominalizations in Quechua
Note, however, that idiomatic readings always suffer from lexical operations, and that there are N' idioms: 42 CHAPTER 2 (81) Mary's [N' roll in the hay] Typically, the VP counterpart of (81) is not idiomatic: (82) Mary [vp rolled in the hay]. Since VP is not unique in being able to be interpreted idiomatically, this cannot be an argument for a special status of clausal subjects. Idiomaticity, in our conception, is something characteristic of constituents in general, rather than of maximal projections necessarily.
In many languages, clauses seem to be non-configurational, while noun phrases seem to have a well-defined internal structure. We will argue that in Quechua there is evidence for a syntactic VP, as well as evidence for a separate N' constituent. 1. AGR There is good evidence for a node AGR, both in NP and in S'. e. nominative and genitive) Case in S' and NP. Consider: (54) a. Xwan llank'a -no Juan work 3 Juan works. b. ' * X wan -pa wasi Juan GE house (55) a. Llank'a -nchis. ) work. 34 CHAPTER 2 b.
We can conclude that any differences are due to the presence ofINFL in S, but not in NP, in English and related languages. Since in Quechua both NP and Shave INFL, the two categories are remarkably similar, and subjects in the two categories are essentially distinguished only through Case marking. The question arises then why INFL is obligatory in clauses, and optional in noun phrases? Since verbal projections are typically used to form propositions, and well-formed propositions require a Tense operator at LF, clauses (and particularly main clauses) require an auxiliary node of some kind.