By Susan C. Mulholland, George Rapp Jr.

This quantity is the 1st in theAdvances in Archaeological and Museum technology sequence backed by way of the Society for Archaeological Sciences. the aim of this biennial sequence is to supply summaries of advances in heavily outlined themes in archaeometry, archaeological technology, environmental archaeology, upkeep know-how and museum conservation. The Society for Archaeological Sciences (SAS) exists to inspire interdisci­ plinary collaboration among archaeologists and associates within the ordinary and actual sciences. SAS participants are drawn from many disciplinary fields. although, all of them percentage a standard trust that actual technology strategies and techniques represent an integral part of archaeological box and laboratory reviews. the final Editors desire to convey their appreciation to Renee S. Kra and Frances D. Moskovitz of Radiocarbon for his or her distinct services and information within the construction of this quantity. We additionally savour the contribution of the 2 reviewers for his or her first-class reviews and recommendations. the final Editor answerable for project the improvement of this quantity used to be R. E. Taylor.

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The mid-1950s saw the re-emergence of phytolith studies in western Europe. Following the dramatic change in circumstances for German scholars in the 1940s, phytolith studies recommenced in the Principality of Wales, at the University College of North Wales, Bangor. After publications on the micromineralogy of soils in North Wales (Smithson 1953,1954), in the latter of which Smithson describes the appearance of silicified sponge spicules, there appeared the first major investigation of opaline silica deposits in British soils (Smithson 1956).

Berichte der Deutschen Botanischell Gesellschaft 26A: 29-37. _ _ 1908b Uber ein eigentumliches Vorkommen von Kieselkorpern in der Epidermis und den Bau des Blattes von Callisia repens. Wiesller-Festschrift 1: 81-91. Moore, D 1984a The role of silica in protecting Italian rye grass (Lolium multiflorum) from attack by dipterous stemboring larvae (Oscinella frit and other related species). Annals ofApplied Biology 104: 161-166. _ _ 1984b The distribution of opaline silica bodies in the leaf sheaths of two perennial rye-grass cultivars differing in their susceptibility to attack by dipterous stem borers.

The potential for the use of suite composition for the identification of ecological and economic information is large and should not be underrated. ACKNOWLEDGMENTS The author wishes to thank Archaeological Operations and Conservation (formally the Central Excavation Unit) of the Scottish Development Department, who funded the original phytolith work in 1985-1987; and the Science and Engineering Research Council for funding current studies (1988-1991). Thanks also to Dave Gilbertson, Jennifer Hillam and Cathy Groves for their editorial advice and assistance.

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