By Adrian Burgos
Burgos attracts on archival fabrics from the united states, Cuba, and Puerto Rico, in addition to Spanish- and English-language courses and interviews with Negro league and significant league avid gamers. He demonstrates how the manipulation of racial differences that allowed administration to recruit and signal Latino gamers supplied a template for Brooklyn Dodgers’ common supervisor department Rickey whilst he initiated the dismantling of the colour line by way of signing Jackie Robinson in 1947. Burgos's vast exam of Latino participation sooner than and after Robinson's debut records the ways that inclusion didn't symbolize equality and exhibits how notions of racialized distinction have endured for darker-skinned Latinos like Orestes ("Minnie") Miñoso, Roberto Clemente, and Sammy Sosa.
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Extra info for Playing America's Game: Baseball, Latinos, and the Color Line (American Crossroads)
Unstable operating conditions convinced baseball entrepreneurs that additional reforms were needed to better capitalize on the game’s commercial possibilities. ” The crisis in professional baseball was a familiar one to entrepreneurs, Spalding claimed. ”31 To his mind, in professional baseball’s evolution, players had retained too much power. When baseball clubs had ﬁrst started to venture beyond their local circles in search of competition in the 1860s, team captains had been both laborer and manager at once.
The sporting press regularly participated in this discourse. ”23 Efforts to afﬁrm the game’s respectability focused on attracting the right type of spectators and celebrated a game that both men and women could attend. ”24 Their spectatorship did not necessarily challenge gender norms nor dissuade those who proﬁted from their attendance from believing that the limits on women’s involvement within the national pastime should remain. ”25 Dissociation from gambling and alcohol was also considered necessary to establishing the professional game’s respectability.
37 A cooperative effort among several leagues, the Agreement established a process to sign and transfer players that directly confronted the problem of player raids and contract jumping. The hierarchy created through the National Agreement ensured that talent ﬂowed upward within what was later known as organized baseball. 38 National League teams relied heavily on the minor leagues in acquiring new talent. Until the advent of the National Agreement, big-league teams were not required to compensate minor-league teams for signing away their players.