By David Westwood
Основной причиной появления винтовок послужила необходимость увеличения кучности боя гладкоствольных ружей. Предшественник винтовки, гладкоствольный мушкет, отличался слабой точностью боя, так как при выстреле пуля свободно двигалась в гладком канале ствола и получала неконтролируемое вращение. Опытным путём было выяснено, что ружья с нарезкой в канале ствола позволяют точно стрелять на расстояния больше a hundred м.Первые образцы оружия с винтовой нарезкой появились в начале XVI в. В России они назывались винтовальными пищалями (до XVIII в.), позднее — винтовальными ружьями, штуцерами, а с 1856 — винтовками.
Read or Download Rifles PDF
Best social & family issues books
Who wishes love? now not Anna Prescott…she says. a sensible, winning girl of substance, she is prepared to be a chum to Gavin Mathis, who performs seasoned soccer for the Detroit Lions and is the best specimen of the African-American male she's ever laid eyes on. Gavin's been tight along with her brother Wesley for thus lengthy he is virtually family members.
"Out of all of the humans on the planet, why do i need to be the freak who went to college at the first actual day of the 12 months with a couple of PANTIES caught through static hold to the leg of my pants? !! !" 7th grade was once presupposed to be Alli's breakout 12 months, simply her significant debut finally ends up being a huge catastrophe. Then queen bee Rachel Delaney takes Alli below her wing, and Alli unearths herself within the internal circle of seventh-grade cool.
Highschool junior Jenny Greenley is so sturdy at retaining secrets and techniques that she's the college newspaper's nameless suggestion columnist. She's so stable at it that, whilst hotter-than-hot Hollywood celebrity Luke Striker involves her small city to investigate a job, Jenny is the single in command of protecting his id below wraps.
"Where are they taking me? " "It's in your personal stable, Brit," Dad stated. i used to be shoved right into a small, stuffy room, and the door used to be locked at the back of me. I waited for my dad to gain he'd made a poor mistake and are available get me. yet he did not. For sixteen-year-old Brit Hemphill, it is challenging to grasp who she will belief.
- Restoring Harmony
- Through the Tiger's Eye (Telares Trilogy)
- Beautiful Days: A Bright Young Things Novel
- The Earth, My Butt, and Other Big Round Things (Teen's Top 10 (Awards))
- Dark Visions: The Strange Power; The Possessed; The Passion
Additional resources for Rifles
London: Bloomsbury, 1999, p. 34. 3. It is possible that knowledge of Chinese firearms and gunpowder arrived in Europe via Russia. There is archaeological evidence to prove that the Chinese had cannons by the thirteenth century. See Arnold Pacey, Technology in World Civilization: A Thousand Year History. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1990. 4. Roger Bacon, Epistolae de Secretis Operibus Artis et Naturae et de Nullitate Magiae, circa 1257. 5. Gies and Gies, Cathedral, p. 247. 6. The term “firearm” will be used in the text to signify handheld MILITARIES IN THE FOURTEENTH CENTURY weapons of all types up to the appearance of the rifled weapon, when “rifle” will be used.
This was the Dreyse cartridge, in which the primer was fixed at the base of the bullet, ahead of the propellant charge. The “needle” of the rifle was in fact the firing pin, which had to penetrate the propellant charge completely before it could fire the cartridge. At almost the opposite end of this concept was that of John Hanson and William Golden, who applied for a patent for a cartridge in 1841 with no 29 30 RIFLES propellant charge. Their cartridge relied upon the fulminate primer to fire the cartridge and act as the propellant in itself.
Infantry at that time were notoriously uneducated and badly trained, and this lock was far too complicated. In addition, there were dangers of accidental ignition if the weapon was dropped, and the weapon was actually prohibited for the Austrian Army. There was a great need for a simpler, more robust firing mechanism. The problem with simplification as far as the suppliers of military equipment is concerned is that they earn less, but the problem was overcome about the middle of the sixteenth century with the snaphance mechanism.