By Ayesha Jalal

Saadat Hasan Manto (1912-1955) used to be a longtime Urdu brief tale author and a emerging screenwriter in Bombay on the time of India's partition in 1947, and he's maybe top identified for the quick tales he wrote following his migration to Lahore in newly shaped Pakistan. at the present time Manto is an said grasp of twentieth-century Urdu literature, and his fiction serves as a lens by which the tragedy of partition is introduced sharply into concentration. within the Pity of Partition, Manto's lifestyles and paintings function a prism to trap the human size of sectarian clash within the ultimate many years and instant aftermath of the British raj.

Ayesha Jalal attracts on Manto's tales, sketches, and essays, in addition to a trove of his inner most letters, to give an intimate historical past of partition and its devastating toll. Probing the artistic stress among literature and background, she charts a brand new means of reconnecting the histories of people, households, and groups within the throes of cataclysmic swap. Jalal brings to lifestyles the folk, locales, and occasions that encouraged Manto's fiction, that's characterised via an eye fixed for element, a degree of wit and irreverence, and parts of suspense and shock. In flip, she mines those writings for clean insights into daily cosmopolitanism in Bombay and Lahore, the event and reasons of partition, the postcolonial transition, and the arrival of the chilly conflict in South Asia.

The first in-depth glance in English at this influential literary determine, The Pity of Partition demonstrates the revelatory strength of paintings in instances of serious old rupture.


"Tufts collage historian Jalal (Partisans of Allah), a great-niece of Urdu author Saadat Hasan Manto (1912-1955), provides readers an intimate, passionate, and insightful portrait of this magnificent yet tragic guy as he navigated and interpreted the repression, chaos, and violence of the ultimate years of British colonialism and the upheaval of India's 1947 partition. The e-book follows Manto's lifestyles from his rebellious adolescence and early maturity translating Victor Hugo and Oscar Wilde in Amritsar, Punjab, to his years as a suffering journalist and picture author in Bombay, the place his provocative tales elicited a variety of obscenity fees whereas development his attractiveness as 'the father of the Urdu brief tale' and a "'unique literary miracle" destined for immortality,' and his prolific yet afflicted later years in postpartition Lahore, untimely demise at forty two, and his boisterous funeral, the place 'several of Manto's fictional characters have been noticed within the crowd.'"--Publishers Weekly

"[A] high quality advent to Manto and his paintings, and his depiction of partition."--M. A. Orthofer, whole Review

"Eminent historian Jalal has written a wealthy, enticing, every now and then relocating account of the lifetime of Urdu author Saadat Hasan Manto (1912-55), interweaving biography with the tumultuous occasions of Indian nationalism, the Partition, and early Pakistan. . . . A much-needed research of a pioneering public figure."--Choice

"[S]ome of the best photos of Manto, his spouse and of his buddies decorate this booklet. but, the spotlight of Jalal's paintings is that she has now not permit her proximity to Manto and his kin have an effect on in any respect the objectivity that any such learn may call for. Her independent method of featuring Manto together with his failings and foibles is helping a extra thought of realizing of the writer."--Business Standard

"Saadat Hasan Manto (1912-55) was once a number one Urdu author who attracted controversy in prepartition India and early postpartition Pakistan for his brief tales and picture scripts that handled intercourse and politics in a bold demeanour. Jalal, his grandniece, makes use of his released writings and relations letters and her interviews with family to painting his advanced dating. Interweaving tales from his fiction and occasions from his existence, she produces a wealthy . . . tapestry of a posh society and the tensions that equipped as much as the explosive violence of partition in 1947."--Foreign Affairs

"Jalal has played an excellent carrier for students and the studying public through starting the Manto archive to their gaze. I for one will learn Manto's tales, any longer, with additional excitement and comprehension."--Ian Copland, American historic Review

"Basing her paintings on Manto's lifestyles, his crucial cosmopolitanism, the numerous trips within which he traversed Amritsar, Delhi, Bombay and Lahore, and later, the borders of India and Pakistan, the friendships with different writers and picture personalities, and the exploration of other sorts of writing--all of this turns into a manner of examining the heritage of Partition, and certainly wondering and resisting the colonial undertaking of separation at the foundation of spiritual identification. . . . This publication, specially within the part on his tuition years, presents aspect of the type that frequently encourages readers to come to the paintings to work out how lifestyles resonates with fiction."--Urvashi Butalia, Livemint

"Ayesha Jalal has succeeded splendidly in weaving jointly the 3 parts she has chosen--Manto's lifestyles, his works and the momentous instances he lived via. Hers is a decent portrayal of an excellent guy whose personal honesty, independent-mindedness and perception have been remarkable, and whose tales are nonetheless unparalleled."--Gillian Wright, India Today

"Resplendent with anecdotal chapters approximately Saadat Hasan Manto’s transforming into up years in Amritsar, his maturity stories in Bombay, and his figuring out of partition. . . . Illuminating."--Arunima Mazumdar, instances of India

"This is one ebook that each Manto lover would like to devour."--Yatin Gupta, IBN Live

"This is a hugely readable publication. . . . the result's an amazingly informative, even-handed, and sensible portrait of the good writer."--Ishtiaq Ahmed, Pacific Affairs

"This is a masterful ancient learn of partition as noticeable in the course of the existence and writings of 1 of the subcontinent's most suitable storytellers--Saadat Hasan Manto. a piece right now scholarly and emotive, panoramic and private, gripping and empirical, this can be Jalal at her outstanding best."--Seema Alavi, writer of Islam and Healing

"This lovingly written, informative, and considerate e-book by way of Ayesha Jalal is a becoming tribute to the lifestyles and paintings of her great-uncle, Saadat Hasan Manto, one of many top writers of recent South Asia, at the party of his centennial birthday. Jalal strikes deftly among background, biography, and literature, experimenting with a story process that succeeds in shooting the feel of 'cosmopolitanism in daily life' that Manto championed. The Pity of Partition merits a large readership."--Dipesh Chakrabarty, college of Chicago

"This is an enthralling, superbly written highbrow and creative biography of Manto, targeting the contribution of his writing to our old figuring out of the partition of British India. The e-book is a revelation, a different own heritage of partition that may stimulate new learn into the connections among cultural construction, social adventure, and politics in the course of those an important transitional decades."--David Ludden, writer of India and South Asia: a quick History

"Jalal's e-book is well timed and valuable. Manto continues to be one of many subcontinent's most vital literary figures, but open air India and Pakistan there's a unhappy lack of information approximately his oeuvre and highly fascinating old milieu. The Pity of Partition is the main finished English-language learn of Manto's existence, instances, and work."--Priya Gopal, college of Cambridge

"Manto is a twentieth-century grasp of Urdu fiction who's turning into identified all over the world. formerly there has been no account in English of his lifestyles and literary battles. The Pity of Partition is worthwhile for college students of Manto and common readers drawn to his writing, whose numbers have persevered to develop in fresh years."--Aamir R. Mufti, writer of Enlightenment within the Colony

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Under Bari’s watchful eye, the young men cut no corners. They read critical works on Russian literature to facilitate the translations, and they thoroughly researched and documented the life and history of the authors and their world. They repeated the process with an anthology of French literature in Urdu translation for which the Lahore-­based journal Humayun was selected as the medium of dissemination. ”23 These positive developments in Saadat’s life unfolded despite ongoing financial hardships and a bout of poor health.

What made Manto possible? His literary corpus is the best place to begin searching for an approximate answer. Proud and prone to displays of arrogance, he had a high opinion of his talent and place in history. Manto has been 24 Unauthenticated Download Date | 6/25/16 3:39 PM “Knives, Daggers, and Bullets . . ” 1 Manto writing, by Khatir Ghaznavi, Lahore, 1954. 4 Manto was deeply affected by Jean-­Jacques Rousseau’s observation that man is born free but is everywhere in chains. To convey his thoughts and feelings on the matter, he taught himself the fundamentals of storytelling by reading and translating French and Russian writers like Maupassant, Zola, Hugo, Chekhov, Tolstoy, and many others.

Sardar Begum’s first husband was strongly averse to her marrying within his family. 8 Sardar Begum gave birth to four children, of whom only Saadat and his sister Nasira Iqbal survived. Ghulam Hasan wanted his youngest son to become a doctor, equaling if not surpassing the achievements of his elder sons, who were studying in England. Muhammad and Saeed qualified as barristers, while Salim became an engineer. Having spent a fortune educating his three elder sons abroad, Manto’s father had little left for the upkeep of his second wife and her children, who 30 Unauthenticated Download Date | 6/25/16 3:39 PM Amritsar Dreams of Revolution lived separately from the rest of the family in a small section of the house.

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