By Phillip C. Edwards
Wadi Hammeh 27, an Early Natufian cost at Pella in Jordan is an in depth document on the most very important Natufian websites to have emerged some time past thirty years and an built-in research and interpretation of subsistence ideas, payment styles and formality existence in a single of the world’s earliest village groups. The 14,000-year-old payment of Wadi Hammeh 27 is likely one of the so much excellent websites of its style, that includes the most important, most complicated pre-Neolithic architectural complicated but came across within the heart East, an unprecedented sequence of artefact caches and task parts, and a wealthy corpus of past due Ice Age artwork items.
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Extra info for Wadi Hammeh 27, an Early Natufian Settlement at Pella in Jordan
In places, the calcareous sediments of the Knob Limestone are interbedded with thin units of dark grey to black clay, for example, the ‘Black Clay’ of Early Epipalaeolithic age. All in situ Epipalaeolithic sites, from Kebaran (19,500 bp/21,200 cal bc) to Natufian ( 12,000 bp/12,000 cal bc) are deposited in either the Black Clay, the Natufian Clay or the Knob Limestones in the lower reaches of Wadi al-Hammeh, where depositional energies were 22 chapter two Fig. 7. 6). lowest and conditions for site preservation best.
The study of the patterning of artefacts, features and refuse forms the hub of the report in Chapter 5 (by Edwards and Hardy-Smith), linking the earlier details of context to the various studies of the material assemblages which follow. Flaked stone tools (Chapter 6 by Edwards) come first. One of the main values of Wadi Hammeh 27 is that it represents a relatively short time-slice of the Early Natufian. This aspect is of particular relevance to its flint industry, since most Early Natufian lithic assemblages are relatively small in size and are derived from multi-component sites where vertical contamination from later periods is an issue.
Perrot (1960) agreed with Garrod that cereal harvesting had featured prominently in the Natufian, but he doubted that cultivation had been practiced, arguing for an “insufficiently documented phase of incipient cultivation” (Perrot 1962: 162). Subsequently, he interpreted Natufian plant exploitation as the culmination of ancient patterns of gathering strategies (Perrot 1966), while reiterating his position (Perrot 1968: 383) that only gathering, particularly amongst the dense cereal stands of Galilee, and not cultivation, had been practiced in the Natufian period.