By Henry Pelling (auth.)

This textual content offers an introductory account of the Labour occasion from its starting place. It not just covers the interval as much as and together with the election of Neil Kinnock because the chief of the Labour celebration but additionally concentrates at the difficulties of the parliamentary leadership.

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It had a national agent and two full-time party agents for visiting the constituencies; it also paid subsidies towards the maintenance of twenty local agents. Moreover, the party's influence gradually extended into areas which in 1906 had been almost untouched. In Scotland, for instance, where a quite separate but very weak body called the Scottish Workers Representation Committee had existed, responsibility had been assumed by a Scottish Council of the Labour Party, which was much more successful.

Decided to found a new united Socialist organisation. ). , whose veteran leader, H. M. Hyndman, became chairman of the new body. , as well as other Socialists such as those belonging to the Clarion Fellowship, which was sponsored by Robert Blatchford's Clarion newspaper. P. P. at its peak. P. F. By this time, furthermore, it was seeking reaffiliation to the Labour Party. P. with the trade unionists was thus but narrowly defeated in 1909-1 l, but for various reasons mainly the emergence of new issues - it weakened thereafter.

In fact, the reforms proposed in the 1909 budget - a tax on land values and a small supertax being the main novelties - were not particularly startling, but rather irritating; and the Unionist majority in the Lords undoubtedly committed a serious tactical error in rejecting the budget, thereby putting themselves on dangerous constitutional ground. With an election pending in 1909, the Labour Party was suddenly struck an unexpected blow in the law-courts. This was the Osborne Judgment, which declared its system of fund-raising from the trade unions to be illegal.

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