By Maurice Casey

This publication is going at the back of the Greek textual content of the Gospel of Mark and reconstructs a few of its resources within the unique Aramaic, the language that Jesus spoke. This paintings has been made attainable by way of the book of the entire Aramaic useless Sea Scrolls, which supply a foundation of Jewish Aramaic for the ideal interval. by means of reconstructing Aramaic assets and analyzing them of their unique context, this publication increases the extent of facts that Jesus acknowledged and did the various issues attributed to him in our earliest resources.

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Extra info for Aramaic Sources of Mark's Gospel (Society for New Testament Studies Monograph Series)

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Missoula, 1979), pp. 161±82; T. Muraoka, `The Aramaic of the Old Targum of Job from Qumran Cave XI', JJS 25, 1974, 425±43; T. Muraoka, `Notes on the Old Targum of Job from Qumran Cave XI', RQ 9, 1977, 117±25. 34 Aramaic sources of Mark's Gospel understand an Aramaic translation but not the Hebrew text. We have to infer that, whereas learned Essenes could read and write in Hebrew, most Jews spoke Aramaic. The other major single ®nd was the fragments of the books of Enoch, including the related book of Giants, but not the Similitudes.

21971); T. Muraoka, `Notes on the Aramaic of the Genesis Apocryphon', RQ 8, 1972, 7±51. 118 J. P. M. van der Ploeg and A. S. ), Le Targum de Job de la Grotte 11 de QumraÃn (Leiden, 1971); M. Delcor, `Le Targum de Job et l'ArameÂen du temps de JeÂsus', RevSR 47, 1973, 232±61; M. Sokoloff, The Targum to Job from Qumran Cave XI (Ramat Gan, 1974); J. A. Fitzmyer, `Some Observations on the Targum of Job from Qumran Cave 11', CBQ 36, 1974, 503±24, rep. in J. A. Fitzmyer, A Wandering Aramean (SBLMS 25.

C. , ICC. Edinburgh, 1988±97), vol. I, pp. 495±8. 57 Casey, Is John's Gospel True? 58 We must conclude that Dalman's major contribution to knowledge lay in the Jewish background to the New Testament, rather than in understanding sayings of Jesus. 59 Both showed learning and ingenuity, but were so unsound of method that very few of their suggestions have survived criticism. Burney pointed out a number of features of Semitic writing in the Gospels. 61 Having ®rst noted this as a formal characteristic of Hebrew poetry,62 he set out many Gospel sayings in such a way as to draw attention to this feature of them.

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