By Ann E. Killebrew
Historical Israel didn't emerge inside a vacuum yet really got here to exist along a number of peoples, together with Canaanites, Egyptians, and Philistines. certainly, Israel's very proximity to those teams has made it tough - beforehand - to tell apart the archaeological strains of early Israel and different modern teams. via an research of the implications from fresh excavations in mild of suitable ancient and later biblical texts, this booklet proposes that it's attainable to spot those peoples and hint culturally or ethnically outlined barriers within the archaeological checklist. positive aspects of overdue second-millennium B.C.E. tradition are severely tested of their historic and biblical contexts as a way to outline the advanced social obstacles of the early Iron Age and reconstruct the varied fabric global of those 4 peoples. Of specific price to students, archaeologists, and historians, this quantity may also be a regular reference and source for college kids and different readers drawn to the emergence of early Israel
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Additional info for Biblical Peoples And Ethnicity: An Archaeological Study of Egyptians, Canaanites, Philistines, And Early Israel 1300-1100 B.C.E
In recent years, however, there has been a return to recognizing ethnicity as a factor in human behavior, and thus, in certain instances, ethnicity may be manifested in material culture. 19 The challenge for archaeologists is to attempt to define and delineate case studies in the archaeological record in order to begin to construct paradigms for the interpretation of cultural diversity or uniformity. This book argues that the transition between the Late 10 BIBLICAL PEOPLES AND ETHNICITY Bronze II and Iron I periods presents such an opportunity to examine the relationship between material culture, stylistic diversity, and social and ethnic boundaries.
Mycenaean-style pottery was being locally produced at Troy, strongly suggesting a gradual "Mycenaeanization" of the eastern Aegean during the final century of the Late Bronze Age (Mountjoy 1997; Mommsen, Hertel, and Mountjoy 2001), similar to the results of recent excavation at other sites along coastal Anatolia. With 32 BIBLICAL PEOPLES AND ETHNICITY the destruction of Late Bronze Age Troy VIla, the site was immediately reoccupied (Troy VITb) with no break in occupation, indicating a continuation of the Late Bronze Age with only a few changes.
Other aspects of these peoples are also considered, including modes of social interaction and organization as revealed in the primary and archaeological sources (Wiessner 1989, 56-63; Conkey 1990,5-17; S. Jones 1997, 124-27). Based on these diachronic and synchronic aspects of thirteenthtwelfth century material culture, in the chapters below I identify culturally sensitive indicators of possible ethnicity or group boundaries of four biblical peoples that can be defined in the functional, technological, dietary, symbolic, cui tic, and funerary aspects of their material culture.