By Sergey Mikhalovsky, Abdukhakim Khajibaev

This publication makes a speciality of defence opposed to organic war with an emphasis on functions of recent applied sciences and complex fabrics in detection, overall healthiness safety and clinical remedy of the inhabitants. particular themes contain high-throughput delicate detection tools, complicated nanostructured fabrics and methods for exterior and inner safety of human health and wellbeing, in addition to extracorporeal tools, adsorptive fabrics and bacteriophages decontaminating the human organism, and neutralising integrated CBRN brokers. The contributions describe fresh advancements within the box of biodefence geared toward maintaining inhabitants opposed to terrorism and terror comparable occasions. Broader ways to lowering the effect of environmental pollutants on human wellbeing and fitness and enhancing potency of clinical therapy of sufferers with viral infections, poisoning and organ failure also are mentioned.

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Additional resources for Biodefence: Advanced Materials and Methods for Health Protection (NATO Science for Peace and Security Series - A: Chemistry and Biology)

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Oberdörster E (2004) Manufactured nanomaterials (fullerenes, C60) induce oxidative stress in the brain of juvenile largemouth bass. Environ Health Perspect 112:1058–1062 18. Sayes CM, Fortner JD, Guo W et al (2004) The differential cytotoxicity of water-soluble fullerenes. Nano Lett 4:1881–1887 19. Sayes CM, Gobin AM, Ausman KD et al (2005) Nano-C60 cytotoxicity is due to lipid peroxidation. Biomaterials 26:7587–7595 20. Andrievsky GV, Klochkov VK, Bordyuh AB, Dovbeshko GI (2002) Comparative analysis of two aqueous-colloidal solutions of C- 60 fullerene with help of FTIR reflectance and UV-Vis spectroscopy.

Despite the need to know how nanotubes may affect or cause toxicity for live organisms, only a small number of studies have been dedicated to this problem. Furthermore, results of these studies have been inconsistent and not fully understood. The data obtained show that crude nanotubes possess a certain level of toxicity (in both in vivo and in vitro studies) associated mainly with the presence of metals, which are used as catalysts in nanotube synthesis. For purified nanotubes minimal toxic effects were seen even at high concentrations, and chemically functionalized nanotubes used for drug delivery did not show any toxic effects.

Kharlamova, and V. Fomenko Abstract The present paper discusses classification of nano-objects, which is based on their size, morphology and chemical nature. The subject of nanochemistry includes those nano-objects whose chemical properties depend on size and morphology, such as spheroidal molecules, anisotropic (2D) and isotropic (1D) nanoparticles, nano-clusters and nanophases. Nanophase is a nano-dimensional part of the microphase whose properties depend on its size. The potential health hazards of nano-objects are associated with their capability of penetrating the body through inhalation, digestion or the skin.

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