By Marilyn S. Albert, Mark B. Moss (auth.), Alan Peters, John H. Morrison (eds.)

This quantity of Cerebral Cortex is devoted to Sir John Eccles, who was once an lively member of the advisory board for the sequence until eventually his loss of life in may perhaps 1997. His enter as to what themes can be coated in destiny volumes of this sequence might be sorely ignored. the current quantity is anxious with neurodegenerative problems and age­ similar alterations within the constitution and serve as of the cerebral cortex, a subject that has attracted expanding curiosity as toughness and the variety of elderly contributors within the inhabitants raise. even if a lot of the study at the neurodegenerative results of getting older has been established on Alzheimer's affliction, many of the getting older popu­ lation aren't by way of this sickness. they are going to, besides the fact that, be plagued by the results of ordinary getting older, so the 1st few chapters of this quantity are con­ cerned with that subject. bankruptcy 1, via Marilyn S. Albert and Mark B. Moss, offers an account of the cognitive alterations that accompany basic human getting older. bankruptcy 2, through Mark B.

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That is, subjects are read the two paragraphs. Immediately after hearing each one, and then again after 20 minutes, subjects are asked to state what they can recall of the paragraphs. A close examination of these data indicates that the older individuals are not more rapidly forgetting what they learned, but rather they are taking longer to learn it. , 1992). , to the point where few errors are made), they do not forget what they have learned more rapidly than the young. However, if not given the time to learn material to the same level of proficiency as younger individuals, the average older person, after a delay, will retain less information than younger persons.

1983, Assessmen t of memory in amnesic and dementia patien ts: Adaptation of behavioral tests used with non-human primates, INS Bull. 5:15. , 1993, The longitudinal assessment of recognition memory in aged rhesus monkeys, Neuromol. Aging 14:635-636. , 1988, Effects of aging on visual recognition memory in the rhesus monkey, Neuromol. Aging 9:495-502. Moss, M. , Lai, Z. , Rosene, D. , 1997, Recognition memory span in rhesus monkeys of advanced age, Neuromol. Aging 18:13-19. , 1984, Severe tactual as well as visual memory deficits follow combined removal of the amygdala and hippocampus in monkeys,] Neurosci.

1991). It has been hypothesized that recovery is related to compensatory responses in other neuromodulatory mechanisms; however, if these are also compromised, recovery might not occur. Thus, to determine the cause(s) of age-related memory deficits in monkeys, each aspect of the memory network must be evaluated in carefully selected animals, and comparisons must be made to human data. Given the difficulty of this task, the answers are not available. 3. Implicit Memory Performance and Aging Age-related changes in implicit memory have been examined in a variety of ways.

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