By Adolfo Bronstein, T. Brandt, M. Woollacott

The second one variation of this definitive textual content, overlaying all medical elements of human locomotion and its issues. Multidisciplinary in authorship and strategy, it covers all of the very important scientific components. up to date and revised all through, the e-book has been increased to permit for elevated wisdom at the topic. very important alterations for the second one variation contain: new chapters on strategies for gait research, peripheral neuropathies and dizziness.

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Extra resources for Clinical Disorders of Balance, Posture and Gait

Example text

New York: John Wiley, 1990;80–4. Winter DA, McFadyen BJ, Dickey JP. Adaptability of the CNS 19 in human walking. In: Patla AE, ed. Adaptability of human gait. Amsterdam: Elsevier, 1991;127–44. 109. Nashner L. Balance adjustments of humans perturbed while walking. J Neurophysiol 1980;44:650–64. 110. Gollhofer A, Schmidtbleicher D, Quintern J, Dietz V. Compensatory movements following gait perturbations: changes in cinematic and muscular activation patterns. Int J Sports Med 1986;7:325–9. 111. Tang P-F, Woollacott MH, Chong RKY.

Identification of these well-defined regions in the midbrain (midbrain locomotor region or MLR) and the lateral hypothalamic area (subthalamic locomotor region, or SLR) was instrumental in the study of locomotion. It is interesting to note that these regions are not hierarchical in the sense that a lesion in the MLR does not abolish locomotion induced by stimulation of the SLR region. The stimulation used to elicit locomotion from these regions is generally electrical. The majority of the studies documenting the behavior of the animal following stimulation of these regions is carried out in a decerebrate preparation (structures rostral to the brainstem and the cerebellum removed).

Crenna P, Frigo C. A motor program for the initiation of References 105. 106. 107. 108. forward-oriented movements in man. J Physiol (Lond) 1991;437:635–53. Mouchnino L, Cincera M, Fabre J-C, et al. Is the regulation of the center of mass maintained during leg movement under microgravity conditions? J Neurophysiol, 1996;76:1212–23. Birjukova EV, Dufossé M, Frolov AA, et al. Role of the sensorimotor cortex in postural adjustments accompanying a conditioned paw lift in the standing cat. Exp Brain Res 1989;78:588–96.

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