By George Hart
Scholars of archaeology, visitors, viewers to museums and all these attracted to mythology will worth this complete guide. It information the foremost gods and goddesses and offers a extensive survey of others, giving a vibrant photo of the complexity and richness of the imagery of Egyptian mythology.
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Extra info for Egyptian gods and goddesses - the routledge dictionary
The name of the god is given the additional symbol of the solar disk. The solar connection is found in imagery of Amun and the lion, the sungod’s creature: Amun is called ‘a fierce red-eyed lion’. Amun as sun-god is the meaning of a description applied to him in Amun 15 ‘Lord of the Thrones of the Two Lands’. Hathor shrine of Thutmose III, Dyn. XVIII, Cairo Museum. the Book of the Dead as ‘eldest of the gods of the eastern sky’. During the reign of Amenhotep III in Dynasty XVIII two brothers, Suti and Hor, were architects involved in the monument of Amun now called Luxor temple.
Speculation on Amun as a universal supreme god brought the Egyptian theologians very close to the concept of monotheism, although they never took the steps that would exclude all other deities from the temples. The worship of Amun in this aspect was henotheism in Egyptian terms – turning one’s concentration onto the supreme god while not denying that he has provided a myriad of other divinities to be honoured as evidence of his procreative power. Site Remarks Amada, mid-first to second cataracts Reliefs of the temple’s foundation ceremonies.
Transformation into Apis, ‘high of horns, beautiful of names, far-seer and wideranger’, will enable a person to avoid the abomination of possible reversal of natural phenomena in the Afterlife and the forced consumption of obnoxious substances. An average lifespan for Apis was 14 years. During this time festivals would be held at Memphis where Apis could be seen by the higher echelons of society at the window of appearances in the temple, a procedure borrowed directly from royal ceremonial. On the death of Apis Egypt mourned as if for the loss of the monarch himself.