By Allen J. Bard, Larry R. Faulkner

This variation is absolutely revised to mirror the present kingdom off the sector.

  • Significant additions comprise ultramicroelectrodes, transformed electrodes, and scanning probe methods.
  • Many chapters were changed and stronger, together with electrode kinetics, voltammetric tools, and mechanisms of coupled chemical reactions.

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15). Because 3-substituted 1,2-amino alcohols and even β -alkyl- γ -hydroxy- δ -amino esters are potentially precursors to pharmacologically interesting materials, further investigations have been carried out to extend the methodology in this direction. 16). 1 Development of Novel Enantioselective Synthetic Methods R1 Bn2N CO2R2 HO O OH (R)-57 (ee =92 - 94%) 54 1. (COCl2), DMSO, Et3N 2. (S,S)-53, mol. sieves, HCN Bn2N 55% Me * O O N 1. LDA, THF 2. (E)-R1CH=CHCO2R2 3. ) 4. 15 Enantioselective synthesis of 3-substituted 5-amino-4-oxo esters and succinic half-esters.

Raabe, Heterocycles 2000, 52, 733; c) D. Enders, P. Teschner, G. Raabe, Synlett 2000, 637; d) D. Enders, P. Teschner, G. Raabe, J. Runsink, Eur. J. Org. Chem. 2001, 4463. a) D. Enders, C. F. Janeck, Synlett 2000, 641; b) D. Enders, C. F. Janeck, G. Raabe, Eur. J. Org. Chem. 2000, 3337. a) M. Peuckert, W. Keim, Organometallics 1983, 2, 594; b) W. -Tech. 1984, 56, 850; c) E. R. Freitas, C. R. Gum, Chem. Eng. Prog. 1979, 75, 73. a) S. D. Perera, B. L. Shaw, J. Organomet. Chem. 1991, 402, 133; b) D.

34) [97]. By ring-opening of the new diastereo- and enantiomerically pure γ -sultones (R,R)-125 a pathway to pharmacologically interesting sulfonic acid derivatives was opened proceeding via an SN2 mechanism with inversion of configuration at the attacked γ -carbon atom. 35). 36) [101]. Cleavage of the chiral auxiliary with simultaneous conversion of the primary nitro group to the corresponding ester (R,R)-130c in a Meyer reaction was accomplished in 78% yield by refluxing the substrates in 2% TFA/EtOH.

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