By Katharine Dell

This quantity is drawn to what the previous testomony and past (Dead Sea Scrolls and Targum) has to assert approximately moral behaviour via its characters, via its various portrayals of God and humanity in mutual discussion and during its authors. It covers quite a lot of genres of previous testomony fabric comparable to legislation, prophecy and knowledge. It takes key subject matters reminiscent of friendship and the holy conflict culture and it considers key texts. It considers authorial goal within the portrayal of moral stances. It additionally hyperlinks up with wider moral concerns resembling the surroundings and human engagement with the ‘dark part' of God.

It is a multi-authored quantity, however the unifying topic used to be made transparent at first and participants have labored to that remit. This has ended in a wide-ranging and engaging perception right into a missed region, yet one who is beginning to obtain elevated cognizance within the biblical area.

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Extra info for Ethical and Unethical in the Old Testament: God and Humans in Dialogue

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H. Charlesworth. London: Darton, Longman & Todd. Moberly, W. 1988. Did the Serpent Get it Right? JTS NS 39:1–27. ———. 1994. Review of J. Barr, The Garden of Eden and the Hope of Immortality (1992). JTS NS 45:172–75. ———. 2008. Did the Interpreters Get it Right? Genesis 2–3 Reconsidered. JTS NS 59:22–40. Rad, G. von. 1962. Old Testament Theology. Vol. 1, The Theology of Israel’s Historical Traditions. Translated by D. G. M. Stalker. Edinburgh: Oliver & Boyd. Soulen, R. K. 1996. The God of Israel and Christian Theology.

Says God to Moses, “Your people, whom you brought up out of the land of Egypt, have acted perversely” (v. 7), while Moses responds, “O Lord, why does your anger burn hot against your people whom you brought out of the land of Egypt with great power and with a mighty hand ? ” (v. 11). God even expended unusual energy to bring these people out, according to Moses. The upshot is that God, reminded of his oath to Abraham, Isaac and Jacob, relents; and Israel are spared. 11 In 4:1 there is even a claim from Eve that she has gained a son “with the Lord” (“with the help of the LORD,” NRSV).

Commutation of the death threat and metaphorical death. On the former view, God shows mercy to the humans, even though judgment cannot be set aside or death avoided inde¿nitely. On this reckoning, even the act of prevention and expulsion by which the humans are excluded from access to the tree of life may have its merciful aspect, for it is the humans judged and sentenced, at war with the serpent, impaired in their own relationship, and in hard struggle with the ground that sustains them, who are saved from a perpetual living death in 3:23–24.

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