By R. L. Cliquet, R. Schoenmaeckers (auth.)

In 1971, the Dutch-language department of the inhabitants and kinfolk examine Centre (CBGS)* of the dept of Public future health and the kin geared up, in collaboration with investigators from the Rijksuniversiteit Gent, the Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, and the Vrije Universiteit Brussels, the second one nationwide Fertility Survey in Belgium (NEGO 11)** (Cliquet et al. , 1970). NEGO II was once end result of the and with regards to the 1st nationwide Fertility Survey played in Belgium (NEGO I) in 1966 (Cliquet, 1967; Morsa, 1967). either one of those surveys have been modelled at the development of yank households (GAF) reviews played at fiveyear durations within the usa on the grounds that 1955 (Freedman et al. , 1959; Whelpton et al. , 1966; Ryder and Westoff, 1971). in the meantime, plans have been made for the 3rd nationwide Survey (NEGO III) in Belgium (CBGS Annual document, 1975, 54). The CBGS fertility surveys (NEGO I-II-III) shape a part of the interdisciplinary learn programme at the mating and reproductive behaviour of the Belgian inhabitants. as well as those surveys, unique investigations are played within the Departments of Gynaecology and Obstetrics of varied universities in Belgium. within the American surveys and related reviews performed in lots of different nations, relatively these played as a part of the area Fertility Survey, the most emphasis has been given to the socio-demographic research of learned fertility and relatives making plans. The strategy utilized by way of the CBGS has from the beginning put those difficulties, either thematically and scientifically, in a much broader perspective.

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I.. '" + ++ ++ +++ '. I ,. ' '. I ':. "'~ If. I ~ ...... ,/"', .. /-_-J .... 2 . ,. ,. ,. + + + + +. 1- ... ,.. ------. 3 4 5 6 7 pregnancy lnterva1 Figure 10. r old married women, NEGO II, 1971) 41 intervals. Some of the not very numerous users of the condom and the pill even go back to the traditional methods. With increasing number of pregnancies, however, the shift from traditional to modern methods is distinct. It can also be seen from Tables 12 and 13 that the use of mechanical methods leads more easily than the use of traditional methods to the change-over to modern methods.

On the whole, the extent of the differences found for traditional and modern methods is comparable to that found for degree of urbanization and social status. Nonetheless, a few patterns emerge here too: whereas the traditional methods as a group decrease strongly with increasing non-affiliation with a church, here this is not solely or mainly attributable to a decreasing use of withdrawal but is also associated with a decrease in periodic abstention or combination of the two. It is noteworthy, however, that the high percentage found for the use of traditional methods amongpractizing Catholics (70%) is mainly ascribable to the use of withdrawal, sometimes in combination with periodic abstention.

E. withdrawal, the calendar method, and oral contraception, according to the interval and number of pregnancies, as per cent of the total number of users of contraception. There can be no doubt about the general trend: the traditional methods (withdrawal and the calendar) decrease and the modern methods (Pill) increase with increasing number of intervals. Although this decline or rise occurs for all numbers of pregnancies, there are some striking features with respect to this last factor: the shift from traditional to modern methods becomes stronger with increasing number of pregnancies.

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