By Robert E. Van Voorst
Did Jesus really exist? a lot has been written lately in this topic, together with quite a few books reading the recent testomony list of Jesus? lifestyles. Now Robert Van Voorst provides and evaluations the traditional facts outdoors the recent testomony? the Roman, Jewish, pre-New testomony, and post-New testomony writings that point out Jesus. This attention-grabbing research of the early Christian and non-Christian checklist comprises clean translations of all of the appropriate texts. Van Voorst exhibits how and to what quantity those old writings can be utilized to assist reconstruct the historic Jesus.
Read Online or Download Jesus Outside the New Testament: An Introduction to the Ancient Evidence PDF
Best theology books
How can the physique and Blood of Christ, with no ever leaving heaven, become rather current on eucharistic altars the place the bread and wine nonetheless appear to be? 13th and fourteenth century Christian Aristotelians suggestion the reply needed to be "transubstantiation. "
Acclaimed thinker, Marilyn McCord Adams, investigates those later medieval theories of the Eucharist, focusing on the writings of Thomas Aquinas, Giles of Rome, Duns Scotus, and William Ockham, with a few connection with Peter Lombard, Hugh of St. Victor, and Bonaventure. She examines how their efforts to formulate and combine this theological datum provoked them to make major revisions in Aristotelian philosophical theories in regards to the metaphysical constitution and placement of our bodies, changes among substance and injuries, causality and causal powers, and basic kinds of switch. surroundings those advancements within the theological context that gave upward thrust to the query attracts awareness to their understandings of the sacraments and their goal, in addition to to their understandings of the character and future of human beings.
Adams concludes that their philosophical adjustments have been in general no longer advert hoc, yet systematic revisions that made room for transubstantiation whereas permitting Aristotle nonetheless to explain what commonly and of course occurs.
Born in Saxony in 1096, Hugh grew to become an Augustinian monk and in 1115 moved to the monastery of Saint Victor, Paris, the place he spent the rest of his existence, ultimately turning into the top of the college there. His writings hide the total diversity of arts and sacred technology taught in his day. Paul Rorem bargains a easy advent to Hugh's theology, via a accomplished survey of his works.
This number of essays, written among 1975 and 1987, covers subject matters together with the doctrine of analogy, the Trinity, theological realism, the problims of evil and ache, ecclesiology, and the so-called theistic proofs. the sooner writings relect the author's education as a thinker within the Anglo-Aamerican analytic culture.
- Formation of the early Christian theology of arithmetic number symbolism in the late second and early third century
- Economic Compulsion and Christian Ethics (New Studies in Christian Ethics)
- Biblical Theology of the Old and New Testaments: Theological Reflection on the Christian Bible
- Ethik als Steigerungsform von Theologie? Systematische Rekonstruktion und Kritik eines Strukturprozesses im neuzeitlichen Protestantismus
- Incarnation and Physics: Natural Science in the Theology of Thomas F. Torrance
Additional info for Jesus Outside the New Testament: An Introduction to the Ancient Evidence
15 Bauer’s early writings tried to show that historical criticism could recover the main truth of the Bible from the mass of its historical difficulties: that human self-consciousness is divine, and the Absolute Spirit can become one with the human spirit. Bauer was the first systematically to argue that Jesus did not exist. Not only do the Gospels have no historical value, but all the letters written under the name of Paul, which could provide evidence for Jesus’ existence, were much later fictions.
38 Moreover, those passages that mention Christ and Christianity are typically some of the most fully examined sections of these writings. We could take many fascinating side trips into such closely related matters as the growth of the church, cultured opposition to Christianity, and the Roman persecution of Christians. However, we must keep our focus on what these passages say about Jesus. The authors treated here are Thallos, Pliny the Younger, Suetonius, Tacitus, Mara bar Serapion, Lucian of Samosata, and Celsus.
Most of his book, like the vast majority of ancient literature, perished, but not before it was quoted by Sextus Julius Africanus (ca. 160-ca. 240), a Christian writer, in his History of the World (ca. 39 This book likewise was lost, but one of its citations of Thallos was taken up by the Byzantine historian Georgius Syncellus in his Chronicle (ca. 800). According to Syncellus, when Julius Africanus writes about the darkness at the death of Jesus, he added,In the third (book) of his histories, Thallos calls this darkness an eclipse of the sun, which seems to me to be wrong (Toῦτo τò σκóτoς ἔκλειΨιν τoῦ ἡλiou Θαλλoς ἀπoκoλεῖ ἐν τρiτητῶν ῶτoρῶν, ὡς ἐμoῖ δokεῖ ἀλoγώς).