By William G. Dever

Archaeology and Bible--two basic phrases, usually used jointly, understood via every person. yet are they understood safely? if that is so, why are either topic to such controversy? And what can archaeology give a contribution to our figuring out of the Bible? those are the issues addressed through Professor Dever during this book.

Dever first seems on the nature and up to date improvement of either archaeology and religious study, after which lays the foundation for a brand new a effective dating among those disciplines. His "case reports" are 3 eras in Israelite historical past: the interval of cost in Canaan, the interval of the United Monarchy, and the interval of spiritual improvement, mainly in the course of the Divided Monarchy. In each one case Dever explores by way of fresh discoveries what archaeology, with textual research, can give a contribution to the illumination of the lifestyles and occasions of historic Israel.

Given the flood of latest details that has come from fresh archaeological discoveries, Dever has selected to attract proof mostly from excavations and surveys performed in Israel within the final ten years--many nonetheless unpublished--concerning archaeology and the outdated Testament.

Dever’s paintings not just brings the reader modern on fresh archaeological discoveries as they pertain to the Hebrew Bible, yet certainly is going extra in delivering an unique interpretation of the connection among the research of the Bible and the uncovering of the fabric tradition of the traditional close to East. wide notes, plus using a lot new and/or unpublished facts, will make the quantity beneficial to graduate scholars and professors within the fields of bible study and Syro-Palestinian archaeology, and the seminarians, pastors, rabbis, and others. This ebook presents stimulating, provocative, and sometimes arguable analyzing in addition to a compendium of helpful insights and marginalia that symbolizes the state-of-the-art of Biblical archaeology today.

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Or shortly thereafter. In summary, one of the great success stories of modern archaeology is the correlation of the historical background of the Israelite settlement with a precise archaeological phase in Palestine; despite the fact that the Biblical records alone gave us little hope of such precision. 7 But what of the actual process of the settlement? The second thrust of Palestinian archaeology in its formative years in the 1930S was to test a model for understanding the Israelite settlement against the evidence accumulating from the excavated mounds.

At worst, in Biblical archaeology theological presuppositions-perhaps subconscious, but obvious to any outside observerdetermined the outcome of the inquiry. The result, as we have seen, was that most attempts to relate archaeology to Biblical history were controversial and finally inconclusive. And many, unfortunately, discredited the whole enterprise. A dialogue, by definition, can proceed only from the articulation of differing and independent points of view. The obvious solution to the frustration produced by recent treatments of Biblical archaeology requires that we distinguish two fundamental disciplines, define each in terms of its autonomous objectives and methods, and allow each to develop accord- 32 ARTIFACTS, ECOLOGY, TEXTS, AND THE BIBLE ing to its own canons.

I would contend that the Biblical archaeology movement in its classic form, which dominated the American scene up until about 1970, was really not so much a branch of Near Eastern archaeology as it was a subsidiary of Biblical and theological studies, indeed a chapter in the history of American religious life. This school drew its agenda not from archaeology but from problems of Biblical research. Its method stressed academic training in Biblical languages and history plus practical field experience, not graduate professional work in archaeology, anthropology, and science.

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