By G. Horcholle-Bossavit, L. Jami, J. Petit, R. Vejsada, D. Zytnicki (auth.), V. S. Gurfinkel, M. E. Ioffe, J. Massion, J. P. Roll (eds.)

This publication facing stance and movement used to be deliberate in June 1986 at a gathering held in Moscow and Leningrad among a gaggle of Soviet and French scientists attracted to motor regulate. This assembly happened within the framework of an trade software among the USSR Academy of Seiences and the French Centre nationwide de los angeles Recherche Scientifique. It was once very profitable occasion and used to be significantly preferred by means of all those that attended it. a number of members recommend the inspiration that the potential of publishing a booklet was once worthy exploring. What have been the explanations for publishing a booklet on stance and movement ? The curiosity aroused within the individuals through every one others contributions was once no longer a sufficiently decisive argument. It used to be feit, despite the fact that, that an enormous percentage of the orginal fabric awarded on the assembly, in particular within the box of posture and locomotion but additionally on different facets coated by means of the booklet should be provided in a summarized shape which should still entice a bigger viewers as the proof and hypotheses they contained in particular these from the Soviet individuals, weren't very favourite between overseas circles, and that many scientists could take pleasure in having a unmarried quantity containing a survey ofthe present kingdom of analysis during this box. This was once additionally the opinion of Plenum Press, who agreed to post the e-book. every one player on the assembly submitted a paper which used to be tested by means of referees earlier than being accepted.

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C) Monocular fixation of a luminous target: extraocular musc1e vibration induced an iIIusory displacement of thetarget. No c1ear eye movement sensation was reported by subjects in any of the situations studied. G. showed that no eyeball displacements took place during the vibratory sequences. Discussion Our assumption that extraocular proprioception exists in man and that it contributes to the regulation of spatially oriented behavior is based upon the following experimental data. Extraocular muscle vibration entails perceptual and motor effects, in which each muscle has its own directional specificity.

Two motor tasks were used to analyze the microgravity effects in preprogrammed and feedback movement control systems . When performing the former, subjects were required to make aseries of gradually increasing isometric plantar foot flexions from minimal to submaximal (50-60 Kg) with minimal differences between consecutive efforts without feedback signals. ) and m. gastrocnemius lateralis (GL) was maintained with visual feedback (deflection of a galvanometer needle) and served as a model for feedback movements.

Je annerod, eds. , Springer-Verlag, 983: 119-133. , 1981, Contribution l'etude de la restauration des fonct ions posturocinetiques apres labyrinthectomie chez le Singe et le Chat , These de Doctorat es Sciences, Universire d'Aix-Marseille I, 152pp. , 1987, Neuronal coding oflinear motion in the vestibular nuclei of the alert cat, 11, Response characteristics to vertical visual motion cues, Exp. Brain Res, in press. Lackner, J. , and Levine, M. , 1978, Visual direction depends upon the operation of spatial constancy mechanisms: the oculobrachial illusion, Neurosciences Letters, 7: 207-212.

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